Education for the Travellers Roma in the UK

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There has never been a clear definition and or well defined origin of the Roma/Travellers. There has however been attempts to the same leading being the classical historical synthesis suggested by Fraser (1992). His synthesis suggests that from the ninth century onward, a population of Indian origin started moving towards Europe bringing with them an Indian language. The 15th and 16th centuries saw a lot of persecution leading to these immigrants becoming disjointed. To this end the populations of different sizes are more or less assimilated in different European countries. Romanis have been known to have either been immersed by, or failed to displace, a local commercial nomadic or ‘Traveller’ minority where the population is very small. The English Romanichal Gypsies amongst others have continued to maintain both a Romani and a Traveller identity. The word ‘Gypsy’ (from ‘Egyptian’) has been theorized by many as a modest mistake with regards to their origins made by the Europeans. To this, even the Roma have tolerated or accepted. There has however been critics to the synthesis, this has mostly been advanced by Romani-speaking groups such as the German Sinte, who do not call themselves Roma, and secondly by radical social constructionist academics. The definition and or origins complexity, variety and difference of perspective have thus dominated the Roma/Gypsy/Traveller self-definition from the beginning, and any simplification of the above would only lead to more confusion and or disagreements.

The said Gypsy/Travellers and Roma communities have more often been considered to be Europe’s largest ethnic minority community (DCSF 2010). Research shows that children from these predominantly nomadic communities have a history o...

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