Mass media have an enormous impact on society and how people act, especially in developed countries. How do mass media influence views of body image and the development of eating disorders? People living in countries influenced by Western culture show concern for their appearance or dietary habits daily. This paper will analyze the effect of mass media on the issues of body image and eating disorders in the United States. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV-TR (DSM-IV-TR) (2000) eating disorders are characterized by a disturbance in eating behavior, which can be eating too much, eating too little, or simply just eating in an unhealthy way.
(1988). Eating Behavior in Eating Disorders, Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press. Winik, Myron, ed. (1988). Control of Appetite: Current Concepts in Nutrition, 16, 27-34; 82-83.
Binge eating is an old problem, whose frequency is on the rise thanks to our culture's obsession with being thin, which is in direct conflict to our love of high-fat junk food. . What Causes Binge Eating Disorder Binge-eating disorder is probably the most common illness faced by those struggling with eating disorders. Binge eating disorder probably affects 2% of all adults (Web MD, 2011). The exact causes of this illness are still unknown.
The Steroids Game. Champaign: Kinetics, 1998. Kinoy, Barbara P. Eating Disorders: New Directions in Treatment and Recovery. West Sussex: Columbia Press, 2001. Levenkron, Steven.
What are eating disorders?. NIMH. Retrieved rom http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/eating-disorders/what-are-eating-disorders.shtml Soh, N. L., Touyz, S. W., & Surgenor, L. J. (2006). Eating and body image disturbances across cultures: a review.
Guilt and hopelessness immediately follows (Tanofsky, 2007). Children exposed to bullying because of being overweight are more likely to develop binge eating behavior (Tanofsky-Kraff et al., 2013). This adds stress to the child’s low self-esteem. Parents can be responsible for critical comments. Parental psychopathology also influences eating disorders.
(2011). Rationale for the application of exposure and response prevention to the treatment of anorexia nervosa. The Internation Journal of Eating Disorders, 44(2), 134-141. Swanson, S.A., Crow, S.J., Le Grange, D., Swendsen, J., Merikangas, K.R. (2011).
Prospective Study of Outcome in Bulimics as a Function of Axis-11 Comorbidity: Long Term Responses on Eating and Psychiatric Symptoms. Internationgl Journal of Eating Disorders, Vol 20 (2), 149-161.(1996). Wonderlich, Stephen A. et al. Five Year OUtcom from Eating Disorders: Relevance of Personality Disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders.
Personality variables and disorders in anorexia nervosa And bulimia nervosa. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 103, 137-147. Westen, D, & Harnden-Fischer, J. (2001). Personality profiles in eating disorders: Rethinking the distinction between axis I and axis II.
(I 993). The Effects of Eating of Dietary Restraint, Anxiety, and Hunger. Intemational Journal of Eating Disorders, 13, 211-219. Lopez-lbor, A. J. (1991).