As it is mentioned at EPA report on management of electronic waste in USA, about 1824.8 tons of e-waste were produced during 2003-2005 years. (EPA, 2007). In addition to it, European environment agency considered, that in 1990s Europe produced about 6.5-7.5 million tons per year, and every year this number increases to approximately 16-28 percents. (European environment agency,2002) Thus, only in Europe and USA about 20 million tons of electronic waste is produced per annum. Therefore, after some years human civilization will face the problem of lacking territory to live.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that Americans throw away 2 billion tons of e-waste a year and over 350,000 cell phones and 130,000 computers every single day. E-waste is now the fastest growing part of U.S. garbage. The responsible thing to do would be to recycle our unwanted e-waste, but if it is not properly handled then it could actually be even worse for the environment. In these electronics, there are not only hazardous metals, but valuable metals as well. T... ... middle of paper ... ...ir own.
This ineffective process may be blamed on the all too Western mindset that better, newer things will essentially make us happier. As a society, we cause a stir every time a new i-Phone hits the market. Whether the rapid consumption and disposal cycle is driven by consumer demand or producer planned obsolescence does not matter; it is safe to assume that this mindset is going to be difficult to change. What should change – quickly – is the management of these e-waste disposals, the lack of awareness and concern among ill-informed consumers about how to safely discard of their electronic products to undermine how the significant amounts of electronic waste will directly impact the environment and human health. Disposal of electronics obviously differs dramatically from the disposal of say, old mattresses or soda cans.
Mass composting has fundamentally impacted many ecological issues, reducing an estimated 42% of annual greenhouse gas emissions; by composting or recycling that same 33% of American waste in 2009, an estimated 178 million tons of carbon dioxide were prevented from being released into the atmosphere. However, with the current state of the national composting industry a viable industry is impossible. In order to create a viable composting industry with recognizable ecological and economic benefits, private composting institutions must be offered amended, nationally recognized standards; mandated, state issued health and safety regulations; and federal subsidization. Composting has arguably been around since the 15th century. Until recently, the process has always been on a small scale and utilized for gardens.
According to United Nations Environmental program, around 20-50 million tons of E-waste are generated worldwide per year. Due to presence of environmentally hazardous components, these WEEE has been termed as “largest toxic waste problem of the 21st century”. Printed Circuit Boards (PCB) are the indispensable part of the electronic equipment and account for ~3% by weight of WEEE. Nevertheless, waste PCBs contains one of the most hazardous components of E-waste directory as well as most of the precious metals. The precious metal concentration such as gold, platinum, palladium concentration in waste PCBs is much higher than their respective primary ores.
For example, TV’s lifespan is now less than 7 years while in the past, it was over 10 years (Visualizing The World's E-Waste Problem, 2013). So the main contributor of the E-waste is the equipment which is changed frequently. To make things worse, e-waste is very hard to recycle. One reason is that there are no strict rules for the... ... middle of paper ... ...com/article.cfm?id=microprocessor-computer-chip Lee, B. (2008, September).
None of these arguments actually being true. Bottle bills are a great way to promote recycling and it gives individuals some incentive to help decrease our air pollution and help the environment. As a nation our pollution levels and green house gas emissions have become so drastic that more government intervention in the federal mandate of recycling needs to occur. Landfills are only going to keep filling up, and the government should take control and not rely on voluntary recycling. Mandating recycling may seem to violate your personal liberty in a sense, however, by doing so it is for the betterment of society and environment.
E-waste stands for electronic waste such for example computers, cell phones, printers and television. E-waste is unwanted or unused electronics that are no longer in use. Unused electrons are stuffing landfills on the globe. The United States have more than 100 million worth of electronics to dispose and just 20 percent of it is recycled. The other 80 percent is thrown out because most electronic contain harmful chemicals.
It is easy to dismiss air pollution as insignificant, but environmental air pollution is slowly becoming one of the world’s biggest issues. In fact, a recent study shows that air pollution has replaced poor diet as the world’s largest preventable health risk (Pentland). For this reason, the government should invest significantly more capital into reducing environmental air pollution than any other threats to humanity because it would cost more to fix the damage that it is currently causing to public health than the money needed to prevent it in the first place. Air pollution is the insertion of harmful particles into the Earth's atmosphere, which is a complex system essential to support life on Earth. One type of air pollution is known as indoor pollution.
“It is wrong and immoral to seek to escape the consequences of one's acts.” Mahatma Gandhi. We are producing too much waste,moreover, we aren’t taking full responsibilities for the waste we have created.To illustrate, 75% of our electronic waste ends up in landfills where toxic metals leach into the environment. Americans alone generate about 3.4 million tons of electronic waste per year: if you put every blue whale alive today on one side of a scale and one year of US electronic waste on the other,the electronic waste would be heavier.There are 1.6 billion phones manufactured in 2012.In 2003,Russia reported a production of over 287 million tons of toxic waste. The average person generates 4.5 pounds of waste every year, which accounts for 1.5 tons per person. Americans throw away 25 million plastic per hour.Toxic,electronic, and industrial waste appear to have severe effects on our planet and us because they are all contain toxic components.