Dutch Imperialism In Indonesia

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Indonesia faced many positive and negative effects from Dutch Imperialism. Jakarta is the capital of Indonesia, and Susilo Bambang Yudhoyyono is the current president. Approximately 253,609,643 people reside in Indonesia today, ranking fifth most populous nation in the world. Indonesia is a Republic government, and its land mass is an archipelago composed of 13,466 islands. Indonesia faced both positive and negative impacts after being imperialized. Imperialism is “the policy of extending a nation's authority by territorial acquisition or by the establishment of economic and political hegemony over other nations” . Indonesia as a whole underwent many changes after imperialism. Many countries fought battles to try to gain control of Indonesian spice production. However, the Dutch had the most influence and control over Indonesia of any country . Although Indonesia battled The Dutch in the early 1600s, it was not until the 1800s that Indonesia was taken over by the Dutch, and finally won independence in 1945. Indonesia was a colony during imperialization. The term “Indonesia” did not appear until the early 20th century. The Dutch imperialization of Indonesia had both negative and positive effects because of the wars, the Cultivation System, and advances in the country.
The Indonesian people descended from the Melay people. Before being imperialized the country had distinct social, political, and economic customs as well as a large indigenous population. They had a developed society with a wet field rice cultivation system. They had enough knowledge of navigation to allow them to trade their biggest exports⏤sugar, ivory, spices, and cotton cloth⏤with China, India, and Ceylon. Islam was brought to Indonesia in the 13th century t...

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...r education as well. The Dutch Queen, Queen Wilhelmina, declared that The Netherlands owed honor to Indonesia and created the Ethical Policy which would help Indonesia. The Ethical Policy would supply Indonesia with money and food that they needed however it crashed in 1930.
Imperialism also had negative effects on Indonesia. It led to a lot of exploitation as well as death. Many got sick and died of starvation and diseases. Also, food production was low and Indonesians lost their freedom of work. It was also really negative towards Indonesia because many lost their property and families due to war and the cultivation system. The Dutch imperializing Indonesia had both negative and positive because of the wars, cultivation system, and the advances in the country. Although Indonesia faced many sadistic troubles during imperialism, it is now a growing stable country.
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