Drug Addiction

Satisfactory Essays
According to the Medilexicon’s Medical Dictionary, Addiction is “Habitual psychological or physiologic dependence on a substance or practice that is beyond voluntary control”(Nordqvist, 2009). This corresponds to the definition given by the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) that addiction is “When an individual persists in use of alcohol or other drugs despite problems related to use of the substance, substance dependence may be diagnosed. Compulsive and repetitive use may result in tolerance to the effect of the drug and withdrawal symptoms when use is reduced or stopped. This along with Substance Abuse are considered Substance Use Disorders” (Nordqvist, 2009).

Addiction is generally held to be characterized by “a loss of control over drug-seeking and consuming behavior”. However the actions of addicts, including those who wish and try to abstain from drugs, seem to be guided by reasons. This paper explores how addiction involves a loss of control, and involves an oscillation between conflicting judgments. (Nordqvist, 2009).

When one is addicted to something, whether it be physical or pshychological, they cannot control how they use it therefore become heavily dependent on the substance to cope with every day life. There is a fine line where a habit may develop into an addiction. The use of substances or the engagement in activities can occur without any significant problems whatsoever, however some may suffer and experience damaging and harmful psychological and/or physical effects when their habbit develops into an addiction. A habit is a choice, where one has a choice and ability to stop. There are no psychological or physical effects here, as the person is still in control of the situati...

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... cessation of the use of a drug in an habituated person.” (CITE MEDICALNEWSTODAY) The first goal when starting treatment is to as quickly as possible, get the addictive substance out of the patients’ body. Often the patient may be tapered off the substance, gradually being given smaller doses and in other cases a substitute substance may be given. Depending on the situation a doctor may recommend either an outpatient or inpatient treatment center. These treatment programs focus on getting sober and preventing relapses. A strong support group is crucial in recovery, so many treatment centers offer counseling and therapy sessions for family and close friends; teaching them how to support their loved one.

Addiction is generally a loss of control over drug-seeking and consuming behavior, which can be counteracted and treated through treatment programs and centers.
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