The ninth and final circle of Hell is those of betrayal. Betrayal of family, country, guests, and worst of all benefactors. After Dante goes through the circles of Hell and understands the punishment for the different types of sin, he wants to live a life more virtuous and repent in order to get to Heaven. The contrapasso or God’s perfect justice is used for offenders to relive their sins they chose over serving God. Dante relates to the reader because he too chose sin over God, but finds redemption as the poem suggests the reader can also.
In each ring reside tortured souls suffering the same fate as those who co... ... middle of paper ... ...inners must eternally repent for their sins or repeat them in Hell. “The sin itself is its own punishment in Hell- just as, Dante seems to imply, sin is its own punishment on earth” (Ruud 28). Sin corrupts and destroys the joys of life. The sin not only soiled the life of the victim, but also the sinner’s life and afterlife. “In the Bible and Talmudic tradition, 'contrapasso' can apply both to punishments and rewards.
He could be placed in his own circle of the hypocrites, for placing people in hell, while he himself has committed their sins. Despite the obvious flaws of Dante himself, he does give a clear vision of how punishments will be taken forth in the afterlife. He gives reason to fear and respect the law of God lest eternal punishment be your only promise in the afterlife. These punishments are as relevant as can be, so he offers a very vivid picture of hell. The men that he puts in hell give it a realistic twist, enhancing the fear that is felt upon reading this work
These instances displays Milton's portrayal of Satan’s ineptitude to win against God’s supremacy. Although Satan is a dark figure that everyone wants to escape from, Milton maximizes the devil’s qualities to portray him as the oppressed fighter for freedom. Milton also humanizes Satan’s attributes by displaying his weaknesses and defeats in the face of the all knowing Creator. Then he is the absolute enemy that deceives and enchants man to succumb to their weaknesses. Milton deliberately creates a reason why Satan is necessary to God by examining the Scripture and was further elevated by C.S.
Many of the creatures in the depths of hell try to stop Dante from advancing, but are thwarted because Dante is guided by God and his loved ones. Several attempt to kill Dante themselves, but with no success. Virgil guides Dante through the dangers of hell once again. Dante witnesses the punishment that each sinner receives, and listens to their stories so that he may pass them on the world of the living. Each punishment corresponds to the sins that were committed on earth.
Inferno - Contrapasso In Dante’s Inferno, Dante takes a journey with Virgil through the many levels of Hell in order to experience and see the different punishments that sinners must endure for all eternity. As Dante and Virgil descend into the bowels of Hell, it becomes clear that the suffering increases as they continue to move lower into Hell, the conical recess in the earth created when Lucifer fell from Heaven. Dante values the health of society over self. This becomes evident as the sinners against society experience suffering greater than those suffer which were only responsible for sinning against themselves. Dante uses contrapasso, the Aristotelian theory that states a soul’s form of suffering in Hell contrasts or extends their sins in their life on earth, to ensure that the sinners never forget their crimes against God.
At the beginning of the poem the Angels who have been cast down to hell speak of the actions they should next take, whether they should seek revenge or should be peaceful and submissive to the lot they have been given. Satan is the strongest advocate for the second battle against God, he wishes to find revenge for the loss of the status of an Arch Angel and for the suffering placed of them in hell. “With rallied Arms to try what may be yet Regain’d in Heav’n, or what more lost in Hell?”(Paradise Lost Book I lines... ... middle of paper ... ... that the Devil often seems to be a hero when he is truly a character with evil intentions. The Satanic character of Milton’s Paradise Lost is given the part of a heroic character. He rallies the other fallen angels and even inspires the readers to be moved by some of the things he states.
Dante makes himself everyman, and the journey that God decreed through hell is one man’s personal transcendent journey from deep intellectual moral confusion to a sound and steadfast faith and hope, in which Dante renews his faith. Dante awakens our hope, and warns against moral complacency by peeling away the dangerous illusions of adequacy, leading one upward, toward the eternal heart of reality. Dante compels the reader to share his growing abhorrence of sin and his obligation to uphold God’s will. The poem’s purpose is to re-awaken Dante, and, by extension, the reader, to the reality of sin and the accompanying need for confession and repentance, to return to the straight path that leads to eternal salvation.
The justice that exists there consists of eternal punishments handed down by God. God sentences the unrepented to different circles of hell due to the severity of the sin they committed. God also correlates the punishments of each sinner to the individual sin. Man can see justice in the punishments of each crime and one can see that Dante portrays an image of a just God because the image Dante presents represents the essence of true justice. Dante’s definition of justice is fascinating because it incorporates many aspects of Philosophy and Catholicism.
He has finally understood how to hate sin. Dante has come far. From bouts of pity to disgraceful insults, he realizes the way to act in the face of sin. The sinners deserve no mercy, just more torture. This philosophy is what Dante needed through his journey of Hell to get closer to his faith.