Digestive System Diseases: Irritable Bowel Syndrome

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Digestive: Irritable Bowel Syndrome This disease affects the muscles in the intestines. It can cause gas, abdominal pain, diarrhea and constipation. It usually does not lead to further diseases. Most people can control the symptoms through diet, stress management and medication. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases Inflammatory bowel diseases include Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. It can lead to severe bowel problems, abdominal pain and malnutrition. Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis can also be painful and debilitating. Medication can eliminate symptoms, in addition to prevent flare-ups. Surgery may be needed in some cases to repair the colon. Diverticulitis The disease occurs when pouches in the large intestine become infected and inflamed, Symptoms may include but not limited to severe abdominal pain often in the lower left side of the abdomen, constipation, diarrhea, nausea and fever. Circulatory: Deep Vein Thrombosis Deep vein thrombosis occurs when blood clots form in one of the deep veins in the thigh or calf. Many people with the condition do not have symptoms, but they may have leg pain, swelling or skin discoloration. It can be life threatening because it can cause a pulmonary embolism PolyarteritisNodosa Ployarteritisnodosa is an inflammatory disease of the small to medium sized arteries. Many systems including the skin, central nervous system, heart, kidneys and intestinal tract. It is commonly associated with hepatitis B but the cause is usually unknown.. Symptoms vary however, fever, night sweats, weight loss, fatigue, and muscle and joint aches are normal. Treatment depends on how serious the case is. Arteriovenous Malformations Arteriovenous malformations are abnormal tangles of blood vessels w... ... middle of paper ... ...e the most common group of congenital defects. defects of the bloods vessels leading into and out of the heart. Hypoplastic left heart, where the left side of the heart and bloods don't develop properly, is an example of a common cardiac abnormality Clubfoot Clubfoot occurs in 1 in 1,000 births, Boys are born with the disorder twice as often as girls. Clubfoot is abnormalities in the bones, muscles and ligaments of the foot. It makes the feet point downward and makes it difficult to work., Treatment include casting of the foot. Neural Tube Defects Neural tube defects occur in every 2,000 births. Two common forms of neural tube defects are spina bifida, in which the spinal cord isn't completely enclosed, and anencephaly where part of the brain is absent Spina bifida may be mild or severe. Treatment include excersise and physhichal therapy or corrective surgery.

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