Description of the Instructional Design Theory on Education

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A definition of instructional design theory is a theory that offers guidance and direction in the field of education to better help people learn and develop (Reigeluth, 1983, p. 5). The kinds of learning and development may vary and include cognitive, emotional, spiritual, physical, and social foundations. The learner may receive this knowledge in any number of methods including face-to-face teacher-lead learning, facilitated online student-focused learning, and any number of hybrid or mixed formats. Key factors for the instructional designer creating learning content and delivery are the learning goals and objectives, the learner traits and characteristics, and the delivery methodology dictated by technology, learners, and content (Willis, & Lockee, 2004). When distance learning is a consideration for the designer, the instructional delivery method and availability of technology and communication systems become a critical factor. Team B discusses four instructional design theory-based models 1) the Situated Model; 2) the Waterfall/Spiral Models; 3) the R2D5 Model; and 4) the Problem-based Learning model, a design approach with constructivist theory foundations. Instructional design models are used to recognize the influences of distributed learning and making suggest that is different than traditional learning (Willis & Lockee, 2004). Generally, instructional design models share these components: • Assessment of Technological Context, Learners, and Content – to ensure that the available technology can deliver the designed learning, the learners can access and understand the technology, and the delivery is appropriate for the learning content • Statement of Goals – goals form the basis for performance, evaluation, and learner ... ... middle of paper ... ...-Fernandez, R., & Fernandez-Manjon, B. (Oct 2009). Adaptive role playing games: an immersive approach for problem based learning. Educational Technology & Society, 12, 4. p.110(15). Retrieved February 05, 2010, from Academic OneFile via Gale. Schneider, D.K. (2006). Online learning in diplomacy workshop. Faculté de Psychologie et des Sciences de l’Education, Université de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland. Retrieved from the TECFA Education & Technologies website. Wells, S H, Warelow, P J, & Jackson, K L (Oct 2009). Problem based learning (PBL): a conundrum. Contemporary Nurse, 33, 2. p.191(11). Retrieved February 05, 2010, from Academic OneFile via Gale. Willis, L. L., & Lockee, B. B. (2004). A Pragmatic Instructional Design Model for Distance Learning. International Journal of Instructional Media, 31(1), 9+. Retrieved February 6, 2010, from Questia database.
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