Strategies, tactics and tools of combating terrorism outside the US The extraordinarily high number of casualties caused by the September 11 surprise attacks, as well as the nature of the targets (actual and intended), raised the stakes considerably. The United States is now willing to use means previously considered politically unacceptable: intervention with ground forces to overthrow a regime that actively support a terrorist organization and destruction of such organization’s territorial base. Within the US soil, a key strategy in the fight against terrorism w... ... middle of paper ... ...d international boundaries. This is also largely due to the superpower status of the US (Pillar, 2001). Conclusion It is equally critical that U.S. counterterrorist efforts be legitimate in the eyes of the international community.
From my point of view, I believe there are logical methods available other than just using military action. Even though terrorism will always be around, Terrorism is an ongoing crisis throughout the world and should be dealt without hesitation using the most logical method. There are some questions that people fail to ask, like “What is the motive or goal of terrorists?” This question if answered could possibly help decide which action should be taken to prevent terrorism. Newman, E. (2006) stated that, “some analysts are reluctant to consider root causes because they refuse to accept that there may be any legitimate causes or grievances behind terrorism” (p. 749). These root causes can range from poverty to political grievances.
New groups are sprouting all over the place and terrorism being so secretive and having no forewarning, governments from all over the world have form alliances to combat terrorism and terror cells in hope of thwarting any further threats. While terrorist threats are numerous in today's world, the methods used by the United States to deter those terrorists, help to ensure that, while some terrorism is inevitable. As a civilized society we cannot resort to terrorism. Everyone has a responsibility to take action. The dependability of a government isn't what it once.
These particular situations may be conducive to terrorist organization and activity. These were some of the same settings for the causes of wars in America’s history, from the American Revolution, to the Civil War. During the American Revolution fighters for their cause were not looked at as terrorist although they did participate in, what was considered at that time to be, unconventional warfare which most consider today to be a personality of terrorism. Reasons for terrorism are more complex. One intention of a terrorist organization may be to provoke a counter reaction from the government, to increase publicity for the terrorists’ cause, and to demonstrate that criticism of the regime is well founded.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation was successful because he declared war on Japan without instilling too much fear on the nation. Entering a war can put thoughts of panic or fear into people’s minds, but the President wanted the nation to know that measures needed to be taken to ensure safety. He let the nation know that a war would be declared because the attack on Pearl Harbor was deliberate, it caused severe damage, and it put our nation in grave danger. The President made his speech successful by using a combination of logic and emotions to persuade his audience. Through FDR’s speech he wanted to make it clear on why we were entering the war, and he wanted to give our nation a feeling of hope in a time when the country was in jeopardy.
However, Truman could have found another way to defeat Japan with a less violent tactic. While Truman had his reasons for using the bomb, there were people who agreed with him were the orthodox historians while the people who disagreed called revisionists. Truman had thought through the possibilities and had decided that using the bomb would be the most effective and quickest tactic. As a president Truman had a responsibility to protect his country, citizens, and foreign affairs, so deciding on the best method to establish everybody’s needs was difficult. There were many things to worry about: fighting on Iwo Jima and Okinawa, bombing Japan, and building the bomb.
Brett Daniel defines these two in a simpler way; strategy is often called the ‘what we want to accomplish’ while tactics is referred to as the ‘how we are going to accomplish it.’ From the above definition, terrorism is a tactic used by a group of individuals to advance their beliefs and gain more power within a state (strategy). CONCEPT OF TERRORISM Since the 9/11 event, terrorism has been becoming more rampant and violent in nations of the world. Getting to the bottom and providing a solution has also been increasingly difficult and one of the main reasons is the lack of a confound definition. “Terrorism in the most widely accepted contemporary usage of term, is fundamentally and inherently political. It is also unavoidably about pow... ... middle of paper ... ...errorist attack known as 9/11, as a state, they came out stronger nation with strategies in how to not only defeat terrorism but help other states overcome and stand against attacks.
The importance of a legally binding definition of terrorism Terrorism is a tool that is used by many actors including states. It is usually defined as violent acts toward civilians to achieve political, religious or ideological goals. In both the international system and academic sphere however, terrorism is a contested term without a legally binding definition. The United Nation since the 1970’s has been unable to formulate or negotiate a comprehensive convention on international terrorism. The problem is a result of the ambiguous and subjective nature of the term terrorism.
Many scholars agree with what America did in this situation. In Robert J Art’s A Grand Strategy for America, he believed that in the event of a terrorist attack on U.S. soil, America must respond forcefully and that is just what America did. Al-Qaeda’s presence affects the international security of the world. The United States has responded by an effort to “choke off the lifeblood of terrorist groups, their access to territory, funds, equipment, training, technology.” The goal of the United States is to weaken terrorist organizations so their ability to use acts of violence is deterred. With an attempt of deterring the acts of terrorism, it can create a more secure world.
Secondly, terrorism can be a ‘last resort’ and offers a ‘reasonable prospect of success’. Finally, whilst many terrorists do adhere to the principle of ‘discrimination’, the notion of ‘non-combatant immunity’ and civilian innocence is over-simplified. Furthermore, terrorists may perceive themselves to be in a ‘supreme emergency’, therefore meaning the rules of war cease to exist. Terrorism can satisfy the principle of proportionality. However, before I begin my argument, I must establish a working definition for ‘terrorism’; an important and controversial issue in itself.