In early 1947, a Bedouin shepherd boy went searching for a stray goat that had wandered away onto the cliffs along the coast of the Dead Sea. While looking for it, he discovered a cave containing pottery jars filled with manuscripts that would come to be known as the Dead Sea Scrolls. The study of these scrolls has advanced human understanding on the authenticity of the Old Testament, the development of historical Hebrew texts, the culture of the Jewish community where Christianity was born and Rabbinic Judaism was developed, and the connections that can now be made between Judaism and Christianity. When Juma, the young sheep herder from the Taamireh Bedouin tribe in an area of the Judean desert known as Qumran heard shattering from inside the cave he just threw a rock into, he called to his two cousins, but it was getting too late in the evening to investigate the noise. The next day the youngest cousin, Muhammed, went up and searched the mysterious cave expecting to find great treasure (Varner).
267-268. Print. Rozett Robert and Spector Shmuel. “Antisemitism.” Encyclopedia of the Holocaust. New York: The Jerusalem Publishing House Ltd, 2000.
Comparison to writings contemporary to the people of Israel, can offer a deeper understanding of the meaning of their stories of origin as they give a point of reference from similar cultures. There are a number of ways that one could view the writings of the ancient Near East for the purpose of interpreting each culture. Because there are many parallels among the creation and flood stories of the ancient Near East, this will be the focus of comparison. While the similarities in ancient literature demonstrate the commonalities of humanity, the differences between Genesis and other Near East works give us a unique impression of the character of the Hebrew God. Creation stories abound in the ancient Near East literature, but the most prominent version coming from Mesopotamia is the Akkedian tale the Enuma Elish.
In fact there were no spaces between words they simply ran together. Written in Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek using ink made from carbon black and white pigments and using birds feathers as writing implements. Various forms of dating methods were used including carbon-14 tests done on linen wrappings, palaeographic, coins and pottery found and scribal. The scrolls were dated from approximately 250 BC to 68 AD. Coming from the late second Temple period, the time when Jesus lived, they are older than any other surviving biblical manuscripts.
The discovery of The Dead Sea Scrolls was the most important archeological discovery in history, and the single most important biblical find ever. The term Dead Sea Scrolls refers to the 850+ documents, most left in fragments from the wear of time, that were discovered in the Judean desert, around Qumran. Two teenage boys one a 15-year-old Bedouin shepherd first discovered the documents. The boys were surprised to hear the sound of breaking pottery upon throwing rocks down a hole they discovered while chasing a lost sheep. They dug at the crack opening it just enough for one boy to slip in.
They note that the messianic concept is not mentioned anywhere in the Torah (the first five books of the Bible). However, traditional Judaism maintains that the messianic idea has always been a part of Judaism. The moshiach is not mentioned explicitly in the Torah, because the Torah was written in terms that all people could understand, and the abstract concept of a distant, spiritual, future reward was beyond the comprehension of some people. However, the Torah contains several references to "the End of Days" (achareet ha-yameem), which is the time of the moshiach; thus, the concept of moshiach was known in the most ancient times. The term "moshiach" literally means "the anointed one," and refers to the ancient practice of anointing kings with oil when they took the throne.
There are many other parts, however, that have no indication of either being true or false. This is not to say that these events never took place, because we are not sure yet if they did or not. We will never know everything about the Bible; there will always be an unanswered question, because we will never know if future generations find evidence to contradict previous Truths. Works Cited Porter, J.R. The Illustrated Guide to the Bible.
The Dead Sea is also considered to be one the wonders of the world. Unlike the others, it is at serious risk of disappearing for good. The Dead Sea is being left to die again. At 427 meters (1,729 feet) below sea level, the Dead Sea is the lowest point on earth. Being 34.2 percent salinity, 9.6 times saltier than the average ocean, the Dead Sea is also one of the saltiest bodies of water on earth.
The Valley of the Kings served as the royal cemetery for over 400 years; the cemetery grew to house at least 62 tombs in this time period. As time went on throughout the 400 years of service as a burial site, the designs of the tombs became more elaborate, complex, and colossal (Manley 108). The Valley of the Kings is located in a “desert wadi,” which is a dry water-course with hills on both sides hence the term “valley” in the site's name. The site spans ten square kilometres of land in the valley (Weeks 1). One of the hills siding the valley is al Qurn, the highest cliff of the hills in the area (Manley 108).