Psychiatrists are some of many that try to keep the people in the world sane. “Psychiatry is the science and practice of diagnosing, treating, and preventing mental disorders” (Lomax). Before the eighteenth century, people with mental disorders were considered to be possessed by demons. It was not until Philippe Pinel, a French physician, looked into treating people who had mental disorders. Because of Dr. Pinel, patients who are mentally ill can be treated.
To reduce this stigma, Rosenhan argued that mental health professionals should avoid global diagnostic labels, such as “major depression,” in favor of objective behavioral descriptions, like “looks sad”. Rosenhan conducted an experiment where eight mentally healthy individuals presented themselves to mental hospitals. They all pretended to have mild anxiety and requested admission based on hallucinations and hearing voices that repeated the words “empty” and “hollow”. Once these “pseudopatients” were admitted to the hospital, they stopped faking all symptoms of a mental disorder. They wanted to see whether the hospital staff would discover their absence of illness and release them.
By the end of her story, you realize that nothing this narrator is writing is reliable; because all the people around her notice her mental illness, her stories is as unstable as she is, and eventually she completely looses all grasp on reality. The people surrounding the narrator all seem to agree she is suffering from some form of insanity that manifests itself in delusions, while she never references one character who thinks she is sound. She admits early on her husband John is “John is practical in the extreme[. ]”(Schwiebert 224). This makes him an extremely credible witness to what is going on.
Najjar came into Susannah's journey and saved her life. It was difficult for him to believe that she was psychotic or just accept the fact that it was purely a mental disorder like all the other doctors were saying. He saw something different in her, something that he had never seen before. He saw a cure. He came in following doctors who had made no progress on her diagnosis.
To answer these questions, Rosenhan himself and eight other “pseudopatients” presented themselves at different psychological hospitals acting normally other than pretending to be hearing voices saying the same three words; all were admitted. The pseudopatients’ goal once they were admitted was to convince the staff that they were mentally healthy. The hospital staffs failed to detect the patients but interestingly enough, other patients knew pretty easily. While there was a severe lack of personal contact between staff and patients, there was no such lack of medications (the pseudopatients and many of the real patients flushed their pills down the toilet). One of the pseudopatients even noted that a nurse unbuttoned her uniform to adjust her bra in front of a dayroom of male patients; she wasn’t intending to be provocative, but simply did not view the patients as “real people”(Hock 2009).
Psychiatry is a challenging field but before someone can commit or give up on this field, they must know how to do it and know what type of psychiatry they would want to do. Psychiatrists are doctors who assess people with mental or physical issues and treat them properly. There are multiple types of psychiatrists, such as addiction, adult, child or adolescent, organizational, geriatric, forensic, and neuropsychiatrics. There are also different levels these types can be treated. Patients could be treated on an individual level, which is one on one therapy.
The patient had a poor outcome in this case study, the theory was applied to see what could have been done to increase the patients comfort and care. A patient who was experiencing a MI went to the ER and remained there for 12 hours with no rest and no contact with wife. Normal precautions for MI were completed, labs drawn appropriately, EKG’s taken, Oxygen and Nitro administered. However, the patient had no quiet time and was transferred to cardiac floor after relief of chest pain. Without nursing staff attending to any needs other than immediate pain the patient was admitted into a 4 bed room.
Prior to the classifications of mental illness that began in 1883, all mentally ill patients were treated the same, whether they were violent, schizophrenic or manic depressive, it did not matter; all patients were treated as if they were possessed by the devil (Harmon 19). Treatment for possession included exorcisms and other religious rituals as well as physical torture. During the 1600's mental patients were increasingly isolated from the rest of the population in asylums. Patients in these institutions lived in deplorable conditions, often stuck in dungeons, or chained to walls. In some places, like "Bedlam" in London patients were put on display as entertainment for citizens.
According to Cyrzyk (2013, p. 23), “many of the patients who underwent ECT felt abused, oppressed, punished and damaged, all of which had a negative impact on the image of psychiatry in general.” Misconceptions of ECT treatment were highlighted in the film One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest in 1975. This instill... ... middle of paper ... ...one. ECT treatment is a controlled medical procedure where a generalized seizure is induced in order to produce a therapeutic effect. First began in 1938, ECT has been used for a variety of mental illnesses including depression and schizophrenia. There are many benefits to having this procedure done, however, there are also many adverse effects such as memory loss that may never be reversed.
Although, the overseeing physician did not prescribe a prophylaxis for DVT, know that the patient will be in bed and not moving. Unfortunately, the patient got a blood clot; it was treated, but it made Mr. Londborg stays in the hospital longer than usual. In addition, the patient takes a few medications for seizure, but during his hospital stay the nurse was not able to administer one of them because it was not available. The nurse did not notify the doctor or the pharmacy regarding the missed seizure medication. The patient was found unconscious on the floor by the hospital housekeeper.