1. Criminology Criminology is the science of studying how laws are made, the breaking of laws, and the social reaction to the breaking of laws. Criminologists research past criminal events to contribute to decrease the crime rates and develop a society that is less vulnerable to criminal acts. There are different theories that have emerged over the years that have helped criminologists to get to solid conclusions on the relation between crime and society. The study of criminology is important because it helps society understand what the crimes are, and how criminals who commit this crimes are punished.
It is going to help identify whether enacting stricter laws and enforcing them helps in reducing the relate... ... middle of paper ... ... policies have to be able to effectively deal with the crime. The results of this study can be used to formulate policy in the state and in other states. The study plays an important role in understanding the nature of domestic violence, and how enforcement of stricter laws against it will affect its prevalence in the community. Works Cited Clarke, Ronald Situational Crime Prevention. New York: Sage, 2005.
As Joe Arpuio states “getting tough on crime,” the tougher retributive punishments are, may again deter crime. Deterrence- Deterrence is the intention to prevent future crimes from taking place, becoming split into two specific types of deterrence, general and specific. General deterrence is “actions that take place to persuade other persons from committing criminal acts” (Couture, 2014, p. 128). While specific deterrence is “punishments aimed at stopping... ... middle of paper ... ...ause it deals with society as a whole. Yes, general deterrence may use certain individuals as an example for society, but if the punishment for that certain individual is strict enough and is able to deter others from society from committing crime it is doing its job.
This paper describe about different types of control theories and the application of control theory in real world context. Social control theory is based on philosophical principles that individuals automatically would commit crime if they left alone with situation. In other words, we, all are born with criminal characteristics and learn to follow laws as we grow in society. Many sociologist and criminologist have suggested that acceptance of social norms and beliefs are a vital evidence of someone is a reputed member in society or a criminal. Control theories not only use to evaluate delinquent behavior of the juvenile populations, but also adult populations.
When committing a crime, even in good faith, does the criminal expect to be punished or does he do so without fearing the consequences? The purpose of the essay was to raise controversies in people’s minds of such an issue and to show that humanity is not as cruel as it is portrayed through society and through the law, and it has done so through careful studies and real examples of cases where crime is not merely an action punishable by law but it can be a triumph with a story behind it.
The criminal justice system is the set of agencies and processes established by governments to control crime and impose penalties on those who violate laws. It has responsible for investigating the crimes that will allow them to bring justice, to improve the effectiveness of the rules and procedures, and to gain a sense of confidence in people of the country. The word “crime” means an illegal action that is prohibited by law or a breakage of certain laws set by the criminal justice system. Our society constantly read and hears about the phenomenal growth of crime and the increase of the crime problem. Our society may see the officers of the criminal justice making an arrest or patrolling the streets, but they do not realize that the criminal justice system has a government type structure, has goals, and is made up of three components, law enforcements, the court and corrections and all three works together to protect an individual’s rights and the rights of the society against crime.
Research in the criminal justice field is important as it may help identify problem areas and also identify those that need improvement. Also, research may also be conducted to establish policy and principles that can be used as preventive measures. Furthermore, research sets the base for policy making as the implementation provides the opportunity for government agencies to work and operate. According to Garrison, “criminal justice research intends to interpret why crime occurs and in what ways the research could benefit crime reduction” (2009). All in all, criminal justice research has a strong, positive impact on how law enforcement agencies can fight crime and in turn, help reduce the use of financial means, other and provide guidance in doing the job in a correct manner.
What makes a criminal a criminal? Can anyone become a criminal? Answering and understanding these questions is the core work of criminologists as most criminologists attempt to make sense of why people do certain things (Garland, Sparks 2000). This essay will consider the notion that any person could become a criminal and in so doing consider the initial question. This essay will outline a range of theories that attempt to describe human behavior in relation to criminal behavior given the complexities of behaviour.
For instance, an alleged criminal suspected of a crime has been convicted and this reinforces the views that the system can protect and serve the community. Society admires the idea of convicting people rather than letting them into the society again and risking the danger that can happen. In many cases, officers and prosecutors will use their power to arrest and indict the person that best fits the description of the suspect of the crime. Therefore, the alleged criminal will most likely be convicted based on the description and circumstances of the individual. However, this plainly shows that the system fails to aid the innocent who were merely in the wrong place at the wrong
It is important to research how crimes happen and what makes criminals behave the way they do so that crimes can be reduced and the criminals can be caught and punished as needed without others getting hurt. Studying criminal behavior gives us insight on how to teach others to protect themselves from these crimes happening, improve response time of officers to a call and even help officers find victims quicker. For this paper I have chosen to discuss the Observation Approach meaning to watch and study a criminal in their environment while staying unknown, this can be done in different ways such as using cameras, microphone or even private investigating. I have also chosen The Survey Approach when it is applied to the crime of Burglary. Surveying past criminal gives us the opportunity to ask a variety of questions from criminals who can stay anonymous then we can analyze the results and work towards ways of protecting citizens.