Craniofacial Birth Defects

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The majority all birth defects are associated with certain extent of craniofacial malformation. Cleft lip and/or palate alone occur in nearly one in 600 live births, and it's affecting around 6,800 infants every year in the United States only. Although multidisciplinary approach is performed to correct these structural defects, patients are still dealing with functional, social, and aesthetic challenges. Oral, dental and craniofacial defects are linked to various forms of congenital anomalies. Although they are less common than orofacial clefts, these anomalies represent a tremendous financial, social and psychological burden on affected families and caregivers. Recently, developmental biologists have made impressive progress in illustrating

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