Country Of Bangladesh Essay

666 Words3 Pages
Bangladesh, or officially the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, is located in South Asia. It borders India to the west, north, and east, and Burma to the southeast. It also borders the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean to the south. It is a small country, with an area of approximately 147,570 sq. km. (94th compared to all countries). However, it is the eighth-most populous nation in the world, with a population of over 160 million people, and is also among the world's most densely populated countries. The capital of Bangladesh is Dhaka, which has an estimated population of more than 15 million people, making it the largest city in Bangladesh and a primate city. It is also the 8th largest city in the world. The country’s urban population consists of 28.4% of the total population, and the urbanization rate is approximately 3%.
Bangladesh has a low Human Development Index score of 0.515, and is ranked 146th in the world. Its per capita income as of 2013 is US $1,044 compared to the world average of $8,985. There are many factors that have affected the country’s development including environment, health, economy, conflict, and government, among other issues.
The environment of Bangladesh is quite unique. The environment, including the geography, climate, and natural hazards have hampered development in the country. Bangladesh is located in the low-lying Ganges Delta. This delta is formed by the confluence of the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna rivers and their respective tributaries, which eventually empty into the Bay of Bengal. Bangladesh has 57 trans-boundary rivers. Most of these rivers are shared with India. This gives rise to conflict about water resources, especially water pollution issues.
Also, like other places in Asia, ...

... middle of paper ...

...e several reasons for the severity of the flooding. There were unusually high monsoon rains, the Himalayas shed off an equally unusually high amount of melt water that year, and trees that usually would have intercepted rain water had been cut down.
Most parts of Bangladesh are less than 12 m above sea level. Therefore, Bangladesh is now widely recognized to be one of the countries most vulnerable to climate change. Natural hazards that come from increased rainfall, rising sea levels, and tropical cyclones are expected to increase as climate changes. Each of these hazards have serious impacts on agriculture, water and food security, human health and shelter. It is believed that approximately 10% of the land would be flooded if the sea level were to rise by just 1 m. In the coming decades, the rising sea level alone could create more than 20 million climate refugees.
Open Document