Counselor Ethical Dilemma

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Counselors are faced with many ethical dilemmas that require the counselor to make decisions that are in the best interest of the student. It is important for counselors to use an ethical decision-making model so that consistency is brought to the process of making ethical decisions (Remley & Herlihy, 2014). While working with Ana, she disclosed that her father had gotten extremely mad at her for getting a bad grade on her last math test; he hit her across the face, grabbed her arm, and yanked Ana to her room. Ana felt that she deserved it because it was her fault that she did not ask her teacher for extra time on her test. This disclosure brings about an ethical dilemma for the counselor of reporting the abuse or not reporting the abuse.…show more content…
Using the IMED the counselor would first recognize that CRW elements exist within the ethical dilemma and then identify them. For example, Ana got a bad grade on the math test after she had been given supports, and that may make her father feel as if she is bringing shame to the family. Next, the counselor would take into account the school policies and procedures, and ethical and legal issues such as that any abuse or suspected abuse must be reported to child protective services (State of Hawaii, 2007). Additionally, the counselor must take into consideration the ethical codes that would apply to this case. The counselor would consider the limits of confidentiality, such as American Counseling Association ([ACA] 2014) ethical standard B.2.a, and American School Counselor Association ([ASCA] 2010) ethical standards A.2.c and A.2.d, which all ethically support a counselor’s breach of confidentiality when there is foreseeable harm to the student. The counselor must also recognize the student’s developmental and chronological age when determining the risk of harm to the student (standard A.2.c [ASCA, 2010]). Next, the…show more content…
Gaining consultation from appropriate sources could help the counselor gain knowledge that would support the decision-making process. However, it should also be noted that the counselor must protect the student’s confidentiality, yet, some information would need to be shared with consultants. Thus, the counselor would only provide information relevant to each consultant, standard C.2.e (ASCA 2010; Davis, 2015). Next, the counselor would record the needed information in order to make an ethical decision (Luke, Goodrich, & Gilbride, 2013). The counselor would write down the Japanese family experts information that was provided, write down all the applicable ethical codes, the school policies, and state laws. Next, the counselor would analyze the information from the previous step with the student’s CRW factors and list the CRW factors that support or conflict with the proposed action and associate the decision with ethical standards (Luke, Goodrich, & Gilbride, 2013). For instance, the counselor would list that breaching confidentiality to child welfare services would be ethically supported in this situation by school policy and ACA (2014) ethical standard B.2.a,
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