In addition, larger companies now operate with more employees in smaller a space, which creates more stress and allows for ailments to spread faster. Corporate wellness programs focus on a proactive to employee health, as 80% of all ailments are preventable (Prevent a Disease [PD], 2000, 3). I will provide you with an overview as well as, some specific examples of these corporate wellness programs and the results they produce. Rising insurance costs are one the primary reason employers are investing in corporate wellness programs more than ever before. Companies spent nearly $348 billion on employee healthcare premiums in 1997 according to a study conducted by (Kuttner, 1999).
“In 2002 American paid an average of $5440 in medical expenditures, up $419 from the previous year alone.” (Frosch, 2005) The major increases in medical costs can be attributed to technological advancements and the high costs associated with break-through drugs. Capitalism is the driving force of the medication industry. Higher medical costs are the first major factor increasing health care costs. “What you’re seeing in the bankruptcy numbers is a function of the fact that there is a very thin social safety net in this country in terms of health care.” (Frosch, 2005) Another major factor is the huge spike in the past fifteen years of uninsured Americans. In 2005, there are 45 million uninsured Americans, a jump of 10 million since 1990.
Nevertheless, along with the advancement of age especially in these field incurs catastrophe on human's health. That disaster is commonly called obesity and the most obese country in the world is America ( IBTimes, 2013, p. 1). Currently, obesity is plague in America and according to The Washington Times (2009) seventy two million Americans are obese. Those number surely causes several consequences; that are personal suffering through illness like hypertension and diabetes, increasing medical treatments and costs, and considerable economic leverage of lost earnings. “All in all, obesity and overweight account for nearly one of every 10 American deaths, and they also drain our society of $223 billion a year.” (Harvard Health Publications, 2014, p. 1).
An even more ominous statistic is that the percentage of children and adolescents who are obese has doubled in the last twenty years (cdc.gov). In order to understand why obesity is on the sky rise in America, the average diet of Americans must be taken into consideration. In comparison to other countries, the American Diet is one of, if not the worst in terms of nutrition (Young 93). The unhealthy American Diet is a dietary habit that is highly associated with fast food, processed foods, soft drinks , and large portions, which explains why it has to change in order to save our country. Over the past 50 years, American diets have changed from leisurely family cooked meals that were usually prepared at home, using natural ingredients to today’s fast foods that are eaten on the run with little thought towards nutrition of content; at least one quarter of Americans eat fast food everyday (Harper 35).
(cms.gov. 2007) Sloppy penmanship has been a problem in the medical field for decades. With the increase of aging baby boomers and the decline of fitness in the American population, prescription medications is at an all time high leading to the potential increase in written prescription errors. Written prescription errors were encountered for 37 out of every 100 written, contributing to the skyrocketing cost of health care. The error... ... middle of paper ... ... Affairs, 393-404.
In a study from 2010, the CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention) found that the number one cause of death, killing 597,689 people each year, is heart disease. A major cause of heart disease is obesity, meaning that obesity kills many people in the united states each year. “In 1999-2000, 27.5% of men were obese, and by 2009-2010 the prevalence had increased to 35.5%” (Ogden, et al. 4). It is obvious that obesity is on the rise in our country.
Resultantly, rate of unemployment increased placing significant burden on the national economy. Rising costs and access to health care has become major concerns emphasizing introducing reforms. Spending on health care increased in the last decade and the gravity of situation was aggravated in the aftermath of economic recession. The cost of family exceeded single worker’s full minimum wages in some States like California. Companies had to pay more on health care for example General Motors spent less money on steel and more on health care.
1.1 Identify the question and/or problem Cardiovascular Disease or CVD is the disease of the heart and circulatory system. The two main forms of CVD are Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) and stroke. CVD causes more than a quarter of all deaths in the UK, calculating to more than 161,000 deaths each year. Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is the biggest disease people in the UK die from. 1 in 6 men and 1 in 10 women die from CHD.
Fifteen percent of the American population is uninsured and the cost of healthcare for both the uninsured and the insured is rising at an exorbitant rate, which results in issues from both a health and an economic standpoint. The replacement of our current health care system with a universal system would resolve both our health and economic issues. According to the 2012 U.S. Census, 47, 951,000 Americans were uninsured. The uninsured are concentrated among the young, the poor, and the minorities. Americans aged 19 to 25 and 26 to 34 are most affected with 27.2% uninsured.
According to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), the United States is projected to spend over $2.5 trillion on health care in 2008, over $8,160 per US resident (Kaiser, 2009). Medicare developed in the 1965, intended to aid the elderly (over 65) and those permanently in need, now faces financial difficulties and possible bankruptcy assisting 45.9 million Americans in 2009 (Schneider, 2011c). Almost one- in- five (18%) of nonelderly individuals were in families where health care spending for premiums and cost sharing exceeded 10% of family after-tax income in 2004; for families with incomes below poverty, ... ... middle of paper ... ... politics. Internet Journal of Law, Healthcare & Ethics , 3-3. (2006).