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Conformation to the Supreme Court

explanatory Essay
1423 words
1423 words
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The appointment and conformation to the Supreme Court has become on of the most sought after and most prestigious positions in the U.S. Government. In the past two hundred years the Supreme Court has changed in many different ways and with each decision affecting the delicate balance of the U.S. legal system the appointment of justices has become a very watched over subject. In all conformation and appointment to the Supreme Court there is politics involved but with each presiding president their agenda is focused towards appointing a justice that expresses their ideas on the court. The Appointment process is delegated to the president in Article II, Section 2 of the Constitution and states, “shall nominate, and by with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges to the Supreme Court, and all other officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law. Which means that when a justice leaves the president can appoint a replacement to the court however the Supreme Court must confirm them with a majority vote. When a justice decides to step down the current president must make a very important decision in going through the hundreds of qualified judges. Since the beginning of the Supreme Court there has been 108 members, which makes it one of the most exclusive government jobs in the world. All but four of the justices have been white male two were female and the other two were black. There is no age limit on how old a justice may be, and no requirement that a justice must be from the United States. There is one common trend that all justices have is that they have all been lawyers. However many justices never graduated or even attended law school, they gained their legal experience by others means. John Rutledge and john Blair received their legal experience at the Inns of Court in England. James F. Byrnes received his legal experience as a law clerk and passed the bar at age 24, even though he never graduated from high school.2 Since all of the justices have been lawyers most have been judges before being appointed to the Supreme Court, forty-one justices have had experience at the state level and thirty-one at the federal level. The ... ... middle of paper ... ...s at Stanford Law, first was William H. Rhenquist had been first, only to find out that being a woman could only get her a job as a law clerk.3 She was confirmed by a 99-0 vote the largest margin in history.5 In the Supreme Court the confirmation process is getting harder and harder to pass for nominees who have certain political opinions about certain topics. In 1987 Robert Bork, a member of the Court of Appeals in Washington D.C., was nominated by Reagan. Bork was not confirmed by a 58-42 vote because of his writings on constitutional topics that were not appeasing to the senate.1 The Supreme Court currently has six white males, two white females, and one African American sitting on the Court today. I believe this will change very soon because most of the justices are getting rather old, but it doesn’t mean they lack judgment. In the near future whether it will be president George W. Bush or another president the court will change and it is my opinion that we will see and hear on of the most important conformations in history.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that appointment and conformation to the supreme court has become one of the most sought after and most prestigious positions in the u.s. government.
  • Explains that the appointment process is delegated to the president in article ii, section 2 of the constitution.
  • Explains that the supreme court is one of the most exclusive government jobs in the world. all but four justices have been white male, two female, and two black.
  • Explains that all of the justices have been lawyers most of them were judges before being appointed to the supreme court. the only chief justice without judicial experience is chief justice william h. rehnquist.
  • Explains that before 1936 there was a religious biased to the court in that all of the justices that were appointed were protestant.
  • Explains that six justices have been born out of the united states all of whom served on the court before 1940. the first was james wilson, who came to america as a young man from scotland.
  • Explains that the conformation process is the most important part of the appointment process. since 1994, 28 nominees have failed to qualify approval by the senate.
  • Explains that the supreme court's conformation of justices has changed over the past 200 years. in 1790 and 1807 a seat was added to the court.
  • Explains that the senate must vote and look at the nominee’s qualifications to be confirmed. president john tyler suffered five defeats with in his nominees, the most of any president.
  • Explains that the twentieth century saw major changes in the appointment and conformation process.
  • Explains that the confirmation process of today includes rigorous questioning by the senate and the nominee’s background information checked to the last detail.
  • Explains sandra day o'connor's lack of legal experience was a major issue during the senate hearings. she finished third in her class at stanford law.
  • Explains that the supreme court confirmation process is getting harder and harder to pass for nominees who have political opinions about certain topics. robert bork, a member of the court of appeals in washington d.c., was not confirmed because of his writings
  • Opines that the supreme court currently has six white males, two white females and one african american sitting on the court.
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