Leo the Great set new standards for the bishop of Rome and left poeple to really revere those who took on the role. There were things that hindered the strength of the papacy, such as Caesero Papism. Justinian was a prime example of this and as an emperor practicing it, he gave himself rights and powers in the Church which were really not his to have. He established things like the Justinian Code, which in some ways benefited the Church as a whole but at the same time, did not. It led to rampant persecutions of other religions which is anything but Christian like.
Roman officials began to convert just because it might help them in the political career. The small Christian faith communities that had been in hiding for fear that they would be persecuted were able to come out and worship openly. In addition to all this the religion also became more scholarly. People became true historians and students of Christianity. The Church took on a government like hiearchtical structure.
They wished to eliminate of some ceremonies and dogmas closely resembling those of the Catholic Church. Puritans were more devout Christians then regular members. They believed the Sabbath should be strictly observe... ... middle of paper ... ... wasn’t completely unified, James did make changes that improved conditions. Since he wasn’t completely intolerable of other viewpoints he created a strong central government for one of the first times in English histories. Notes 1.
In this way the papacy would lure people to join the quest to retake the Holy Land. By taking on this quest one would receive an indulgence and he may also kill the heathens desecrating the Holy Land (p.108). Hans Eberhand Mayer takes a stance on views that the crusades were motivated by religious factors. For one the Christian Churches in the West wanted to help the Christian Churches in the East (p. 102). When the papacy finally had the power to help these churches, men had a clearer view of what must happen and that was to free the Holy Land from these infidels (p. 102).
James VI and I accepted the more moderated Puritans and other dissenters, and he was able to keep his kingdom in peace. However, his son Charles I did not believe that kings were answerable to Parliament, but to God. In fact, he ruled without Parliament for many years. He trusted the running of the Church of England to William Laud, who believed that the Church had already gone through too many reforms. Laud went wrong when he tried to make church services more about doctrine and sacraments, and sought to make freewill the official doctrine of the Church.
He began to feel that the existence of a minority undermined his political authority and he wanted to eradicate any such doubts. Martin Luther wanted to see reform in the Roman Catholic Church; he wanted the religion to be for everyone and wanted people to follow the word of God and his scriptures, not the church. Such reformation would eventually bring about a new religion and a huge shift away from the Roman Catholic Church. However, there was a big difference in how Louis and Luther addressed what they believed to be the “evils” plaguing their land. According to King Louis, the Protestants were the evil that plagued his land and they were given the power... ... middle of paper ... ...uther’s reforms eventually led Germany to adopt Lutheranism and gave birth to many different sects of Christianity different to that of the Roman Catholic Church.
In order to better understand why the Romans persecuted the Christians, it is imperative to examine Rome’s treatment of other minorities under its control. As the Roman Empire expanded, they conquered many lands and believed “themselves extra-ordinarily well-qualified to hold supremacy over all nations of the ‘world’,…to promote civilization most vigorously among them. Had not Jupiter himself and the other gods destined them to be masters of the world?” (Janssen 145). Rome’s prominent jingoism helps explain the Roman Empire’s attitude and treatment it had over the people of the lands it had conquered over the years. As a result, Rome’s harsh suppression of some of its conquered people stems from an mélange of political, religious and social