“ Architecture organizes and structures space for us, and its interiors and the objects enclosing and inhabiting its rooms can facilitate or inhibit our activities by the way they use this language”(Lawson pg.6).
To begin with, the history of Christian church architecture is, obviously, a highly complex one, but it is important that one understands the evolution of the floor plans of Catholic churches to see how the changing shapes of churches reflects an extended analysis of Catholic belief and practice. According to Cunningham, the architecture of a church building was designed in a certain way and it had a certain
Once I stepped inside I noticed that the building looks very aged from the inside with its white walls fading and some edges of the cement crumbling apart. I also noticed that the building has been renovated, because upon entering the mission I was not immediately confronted by a row of posts down the middle of the nave to the sanctuary as the book explains. Instead upon entering I saw rows of wooden benches for the congregation to sit in.
In this essay, I explored how a building has a direct correlation between the geometry and the activities contains. After looking at many libraries I chose to analyze the Joe and Rika Mansueto Library, University of Chicago Illinois. In order to understand a library, you first need to know a brief history. In 1731, the first Library was opened by Benjamin Franklin and his Junti Society. More than a century and a half passed by and in 1887, Melvin Dewey founded a school for librarians to get their knowledge. Now they’re about a library in every city across the United States. This shows how a library has become useful to people because of how far it 's gone along since the first library was built. I analyzed how this building does have a direct relationship between the volume and geometry of the library and the activities within it. I saw how the different parts of the library are separate from one another. The private and public areas
...ches would have been entirely different. Wren dealt with the given circumstances, from foundations to preoccupation with St Paul’s, to invent a new system of church building that “all fit into place like a mathematical solution” to the problem of a devastated London (Downes, The Architecture of Wren, Page 67).
Rowland, Martha. “Types of Libraries.” SCC Library Room #318. Sacramento City College. 11 May 2014. Readings.
In 2013, Architect Magazine, ranked MIT’s Architectural program #2 among graduate schools in the USA. As it builds up its prestigious reputation in Architecture, MIT has tried to inspire its students to be creative and fanciful in their projects through the unique buildings that they have on campus. The Stata Center, an academic complex designed by Frank Gehry , originally got a lot of attention, because of its novel appearance. Critics said it was a good act of self-expression, and its complex design was a good representation of the intellectual capacity of the scientists that were going to be working there. Likewise, Simmons Hall -a residence hall designed by Steven Holl- finally got the entire freshman class to live on campus, which was something MIT desperately needed. These buildings, among many others at the MIT campus, are built precisely as inspirations for their architectural students. As Thomas P. Hughes - a professor at MIT- once noted, MIT has celebrated their buildings as “expressing the inventiveness, energy, and excellence of the people within them.” However, it certainly seems as though the buildings were built solely focused on their appearance, as they have turned out to be neither efficient nor cheap. These two buildings have caused so many problems that they have not proven to be a good representation of the innovative minds at MIT. Even though the appearance of the buildings represents forward-thinking architecture, they nevertheless result in extra construction time, cost inefficiencies, and experiential and structural malfunctions.
Public libraries play a pivotal role in the lives of many Americans, from early education to senior services. The majority of Americans believe their local library improves their community (94%), and an equally significant number (65%) have visited at least one time in the past year (American Library Association, 2010). Residents of Connecticut are no exception. As of 2007, Connecticut boosts 195 public libraries containing a circulation of approximately 15.5 million books, and enjoys the third highest rate of per capita library visits in the nation, at 6.5 visits per capita (National Center for Education Statistics, 2009). The West Hartford Public Library, bests the state average, with approximately 10.5 library visits per capita and a circulation of almost 1 million books, a significant slice of the total state circulation (National Center for Education Statistics, 2009). As the birthplace of Noah Webster and mere miles away from the former homes of Mark Twain and Harriet Beecher Stowe, West Hartford has a rich literary history that continues to this day.
However, the placement of the contrasting settings from the normal situation of the characters in the two stories is different. In “Cathedral”, the narrator’s home is contrasted by the cathedral that was visualized by him as he was guided by Robert. The whole story happened at the narrator’s home, and that was the place where he stated the various judgmental and biased statements, including demeaning his wife’s care for Roberta and ungrounded descriptions of the life of Robert and Beulah. As the narrator started to know Robert, the descriptions about Robert were still having a skeptical tone. For example, he showed respect as Robert was able to eat neatly, while he was obviously surprised by Robert’s ability (Carver). The setting in his house spanned for most of the story until the climax in page 84, when they started the construction of the cathedral. In the cathedral in his mind, though the cathedral is not a physical space but a mental space created by the narrator, it acts in many ways like a real place. The cathedral provided a space for the narrator to reconcile his prejudice with Robert, as they are now in the same space with the same senses. It is a religious or spiritual place for him to learn deeper about himself and his relationship with
The design of the Cathedral of Christ the Light in Oakland is completely different from the Co-Cathedral in Houston. All the features, and all the design of the church is all modern. They used glass wall to cover the building, and many other modern material. The design had make the church look completely different from the traditional church.
The founder of the college was Walter de Merton, Bishop of Rochester and chancellor to Henry III and Edward I ‚Äì clearly a man of considerable power and influence. Merton was keen that the college should be self-governing and drew up statutes and provided endowments to allow this to happen. Merton retired from royal service in 1274 and invested more time and energy to his project, resulting in a rapid building programme that enhanced the site. By the end of the 13th century, the dining hall, the chapel and the Front Quad had all been finished, but were to witness several waves of alterations in the subsequent centuries. The initial property was not exactly as Merton wanted and he pulled a few strings with the king to obtain more land to form a rough square which was much more satisfactory. The Gothic chapel replaced the ruin that was the old parish church of St John. With doors to both the college and street, it continued to serve the parish until 1891 and was often referred to as Merton Church in contemporary documents. The need to serve two communities may account for the huge scale of the church. Students of ancient architecture are keen to draw attention to the windows that display a conscious deviation from the strict geomet...
In Dovey’s essay he states that “places are strongly implicated through the ways in which built form frames social practice… The social divisions and hierarchies of the habitus (gender, class, ethnicity, age) become evident in the ways space is divided.” (32) Geisel library does with its interior architecture. The way that the building was designed creates social structures. The basement and second floor of the library have an open floor plan. Consisting of large rooms connected to one another, there is many large desks and computers all open and facing one another. This creates a space that encourages group studying and socializing. It is an open space and there are hardly any spaces that are private which also creates a louder environment. A new café was also recently built on the second floor. It is an open space and can be seen and heard by almost the whole floor. With this new space, more social interaction is encouraged and a relaxed environment. Now one does not need to leave the library for food, it has everything one needs such as bathrooms, a place to eat, computers and tables to study at. As one goes up to higher floors, the environment becomes more of individual studying. Stacks holding the books break up the floor and create more privacy. Since it is not an open floor plan, individuals are separated and it is quieter. There are big desks in the center of some of the stacks
People consider public libraries as a place for storing resources and information; consequently, it is very significant to discover other ways to increase their impact on the society and to enhance their response to user needs (Johnson, where All Are Welcome: Social Capital and the Public Library as a Community Meeting Place). Creating a place for people to meet and interact could be very beneficial for building social environment.