In his novels, religion offered a basis for meaning in a topsy-turvy world to anyone whom would accept its teachings (DeVitis 7). As God became more increasingly important, psychoanalysis and Freud became a close rival to religion. At the time, to be converted to either Anglicanism or Roman Catholicism was fashionable. To be in the "literary swing", one was required to show an intense interest in the forms of worship. Writers, in that time, who wrote about religio... ... middle of paper ... ...ness, and wisdom time and again (Bawer 3).
Of both works, the transformation of religion is most drastic in Brave New World, as it has not only been suppressed, but has also been replaced entirely by state-sanctioned systems. While religion in many societies is credited with imparting morality unto its followers, one value has been maintained in the World State without religion... ... middle of paper ... ...Further emphasizing the role of religion, the protagonists of both novels follow spiritual journeys, allowing them to determine their own interpretations of the meaning of religion and the role it is to play in their respective lives. The meaning of religion, not only in both works, but in today’s society, is constantly debated and interpreted. While these debates are not likely to end in the near future, through Huxley and James’ novels, readers are able to be exposed to societies very different from their own, allowing them to better understand the endless possibilities of the influence and role of religion. Works Cited Dalley, Jan. “Mistress of Morality Tales: PD James” The Independent.
William Golding's novel "Lord of the Flies" not only provides a profound insight into human nature but also does so in a way that is remarkable for its use of shock and horror. Golding presents aspects of human nature as themes in the book. It alerts us to our potential to descend from order to chaos, good to evil, civilization to savagery. They are explored through how innate evil can be brought out in certain situations, the dangers in not addressing our own fears and the battle between civilization and anarchy. Most importantly, Golding achieved the above using metaphorical and didactic writing techniques that unquestionably shocked his readers - and still shocks them today.
This essay will focus on how Robert Louis Stevenson presents the nature of evil through his novel ‘The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde’. Using ideas such as duality, the technique used to highlight the two different sides of a character or scene, allegories, an extended metaphor which has an underlying moral significance, and hypocrisy; in this book the Victorians being against all things evil but regularly taking part in frown able deeds that would not be approved of in a ‘respectable’ society. This links in with the idea of secrecy among people and also that evil is present in everyone. The novel also has strong ties and is heavily influenced by religion. Stevenson, being brought up following strong Calvinist beliefs, portrays his thoughts and opinion throughout the story in his characters; good and evil.
In the same manner as Adam, Satanic heroes desire and seek knowledge and power. However, during that quest authors impart their villainous nature, despite decent personalities. The search for knowledge eventually leads to their destruction. Thus, authors find Adam’s story to have three critical commonalities with the Satanic hero archetype. The criteria of stories involving Satanic heroes leads to unique situations and writing throughout the novel.
The early modern novel had no definite divisions between fantasy and realism. Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, for instance, has universal appeal in that it deals with and develops real moral and psychological issues, but the narrative still depends upon extraordinary settings and events (Konigsberg 18). Also, Defoe used a fictional "editor," and preface, among other things, to make his work seem like an authentic document and therefore a worthwhile read. As the literary form evolved, novelists began to separate from fantasy, interested more in creating plausible characters and situations than asserting their "truth" with fictional documents. The more explicit devices of authenticity faded from use, and a new sense of self-awareness emerged as novelists argued for legitimacy within the narrative.
Although he was known as both a madman and a mystic, (Elliott) his poetry is both relevant and radical. He employed a brilliant approach as he took in the uncomfortable political and moral topics of his day and from them he created unique artistic representations. His poetry recounts in symbolic allegory the negative effects of the French and American revolutions and his visual art portrays the violence and sadistic nature of slavery. Blake was arguably one of the most stubbornly anti-oppression and anti-establishment writers in the English canon. Blake had an uncanny ability to use his work to illustrate the unpleasant and often painful realities around him.
They include paradox and irony, a romantic tone, obsession and betrayal as themes, and last they both involve a great deal of imagery and emphasis on characterization and setting. Underneath the daring love that is unfolding between Quasimodo and Esmeralda, the historical tragedies of 1492 are being unwound. Hugo is illuminating the political struggles of the nineteenth century. The novel is spiritual, not only in its setting but also in the characters. Upon developing the characters, Hugo uses paradox to induce their unfortunate flaws.
Symbols and Symbolism in John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath Symbolism in The Grapes of Wrath is extremely complex, with many images drawn from the Old and New Testaments. However, Steinbeck as usual was eclectic in his use of symbols, and a great deal of the novel is given to either pagan and universal archetypes, or to highly original meanings unique to the author's own vision and experience. While acknowledging the Judeo-Christian content, these other symbols are just as important, and an exploration into their use in Steinbeck's work, reveal their real significance. Much of the existing critical discussion of The Grapes of Wrath has focused on the pervasive Judeo-Christian symbolism of the work, particularly the identification of Jim Casy with Jesus Christ. Undeniably, Steinbeck intended this association; but to attempt to force the book's rich imagery onto the Procrustean bed of only one religion is to do it a disservice.
Throughout this semester, we have primarily focused on literature that incorporates irreal elements alongside real elements. Two examples of this are “Slaughterhouse-Five” by Kurt Vonnegut and “The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao” by Junot Díaz. Both of these novels focus on realistic themes, such as war or romance troubles, but they both incorporate irreal elements as well, such as Billy Pilgrim’s Tralfamadorians or Oscar’s fukú. The irreal elements in “Slaughterhouse-Five” and “The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao” serve to emphasize the limitations of human understanding by incorporating supernatural events into otherwise realistic stories, using narrative structure and style as part of these irreal elements, and by reflecting on themselves