Spain is, after all, a Christian land with a deep Roman Catholic history, and the location of many Christian Pilgrimage destinations. Thus, one would be forgiven for thinking that the Islamic Empires had probably never even reached as far as West Europe. The Grand Mosque of Córdoba tells a different story. Spain, during the 8th century, under the rule of the Umayyad Caliph Al-Walid I, fell into the hands of the Muslims. Coming up from the Maghrib, the Muslims attacked and successfully claimed the Iberian Peninsular.
There is a major difference in the style of architecture, the main concentration of Christian architecture being churches, while the main focus of Islamic architecture was also churches, but just as importantly, defense structures. Works Cited: 1. Beran, Bernard, "History of Spanish Architecture" London, B.T. Batsford, 1938. 2.
One of the royal mosques modeled after it was the Süleymaniye. This was built by the most capable Ottoman sultan (a king) of the 16th century who was known as Süleyman the Magnificent. Located on on the second Hill of Istanbul, Turkey, the construction of the Süleymaniye was the sultan 's way of expressing his self-conscious representation of himself as a "second Solomon." Exterior of the Süleymaniye is introduced by a immense courtyard on its west side, reminscence of peristyle (a courtyard surrounded by a colonnade) with columns of marble, granite and porphyry. The interior of the mosque is vast in space nonetheless subtle with it 's ornamentation in use of Iznik tiles.
MOSQUE IN MALAYSIA 2.1 Introduction The Mosque is the symbol of the great of Islamic. The development of the mosque was grown base of adifferent culture and country, but still have a same function and goals. The demise of development of the mosque was started during Prophet Muhammad (peace upon to him) through to four main Islam dynasties. There are included Ummayad dynasties, Abbasid dynasties, Fatimid dynasties, Safavids dynasties and Ottoman dynasties. In this chapter, the researcher will explain the development, function, component and facilities of Mosque among the Muslim.
Al-Aqsa Mosque would not have been built if it were not for the building of the Dome of the Rock. The Dome of the Rock was begun in the heart of Jerusalem around 684 C.E and was finally completed in 691 C.E during the Umayyad Dynasty. The ninth Caliph, Abd al-Malik, a successor of the great prophet Muhammad, built the sanctuary to remember the Prophet, who 1 established the Islamic religion.# The Dome of the Rock is the focal point of the Noble Sanctuary. It is an octagonal shaped building with a large dome that rests atop the structure. Spatially, it lies in the very center of the Noble Sanctuary.
Islamic art was born in the Arabian Peninsula, the Umayyad dynasty in the years 661-750, and at the same time through their representatives they went scattering to the conquest of Persia, Egypt, North Africa, and even the Iberian Peninsula. Islamic art is an original, which has managed to reinterpret the various influences that were received during the process of their formation, such as classical, Byzantine arts or different traditions of those nomadic peoples. The Koranic prohibition of representing God influenced the evolution of various artistic disciplines, especially in developing the architecture and decoration closely linked. Mozzati (2010) shows us that Islam is a religion characterized by absolute and intransigent monotheism, they have a radical and unified vision of the world, being indifferent to the historical, social, cultural and radical adherents. Islam and language, which is Arabic, formed a powerful union of several cultural traditions, composing a very homogeneous combination reported a wide range of civilizations and spiritual experience and politics that took millions in different nations.
Muslims have derived their architecture style from the Byzantines, the Copts, Romans, and the Sassanids. The types of Islamic architecture are the Mosque, the Tomb, the Palace, and the Fort. Islamic architectural style developed soon after the time of the Prophet Muhammad. Example may be known with the completion of the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem. It featured interior vaulted spaces, a circular dome, and the use of decorative pattern.
Even though Constantinople signified the beginning of the Byzantine Empire, it was the conclusion of the Roman Empire. For centuries... ... middle of paper ... ...lah, and Muhammad is his prophet. The great church, for many centuries the most magnificent in Christendom, now begins its career as a mosque. And Constantinople gradually acquires a new name; the urban area, widely referred to in everyday Greek as eis tin polin (in the city), becomes Istanbul (5, www.historyworld.net). The great city in the east once at the top of all in Europe was now in Muslim hands.
Creating new and interesting ways to not only look at the world but the way in which one represents god in all his glory. Islam Began in the Middle East, but their vast empire slowly grew to incorporate Spain, Northern Africa, and India. As the Muslims slowly moved west, so did Islam and with it brought innovation to art and architecture. Although the people practicing this religion were different the core values of it stayed the same, this is best seen in their architecture. Whether it’s the great mosque in Cordoba Spain or the Gun bad-i Qabus monument in northeast Iran, the overall aesthetics of Islamic tradition are represented stand true.
As we take a closer look at the Suleymaniye we see many aspects of religion through its sensual and visual experience. We also find a great deal of complexity, from the contradictory aspects Sinan applied to the mosque, throughout a more in depth intellectual analysis. The general structure of the Suleymaniye mosque mirrors that of many Islamic mosques, but Sinan's work shows that it can remain a unique piece of architecture. The mosque is designed around a central axis. The length is running from north to south while the width spans east to west.