25 July 2002. http://www.historyguide.org/europe/gorky.html Orwell, George. "1984". New York: Harcourt Jovanovich, Publishers, 1949. The Corner. "Totalitarianism in Europe" (1919-1913) <http://www.thecorner.org/hists/total/total.htm> (5 May 2003).
“Life held little intrinsic meaning to the characters which populated Kafka's novels and short stories. Man was isolated and constantly subjected to unknown and terrifying forces -- forces without direction, forces without control.” (Kreis 1) The entire plot of Metamorphosis revolves around an instance of absurdity, as Gregor Samsa wakes up one morning to find himself an insect. Kafka’s “characters … react in a common-sense way when such a response (given the situation) is utterly grotesque.” (Mack 2299) “All events and incidents seem improbable yet the casual acceptance of Gregor’s transformation by the characters creates a sense of mystery.”(Belur 1) Kafka mixes everyday reality with dreamlike or nightmarish elements. There is never an explanation given as to why Gregor changes, he simply does. Gr... ... middle of paper ... ...municate the incommunicable.
Taylor, Charles. "O." 31 Aug. 2001. The Salon.Com Reader's Guide to Contempory Authors. 18 April 2002.
New York University Web site. http://endeavor.med.nyu.edu/lit-med/lit-med-db/webdocs/webdescrips/kafka98-des-.html (2-14-02) Goodwin, Evan. "Kafka". Littlebluelight.com. 07 Nov. 2000.
Bill Ashcroft, Gareth Griffiths, Helen Tiffin. Great Britain: Routledge, 2001. ‘Excerpts from a Conversation with Salman Rushdie’. Imaginative Maps. 4 December 2002. http://www.trill-home.com/rushdie/uc_maps.html.
“Lecture on ‘The Metamorphosis.’” The Kafka Project. Feb. 11, 2003. http://www.kafka.org/verw_issue/nabokov.htm Sokel, Walter. “Education for Tragedy.” The Metamorphosis. New York: Bantam Books, 1981. 169-186.
Without doubts, before the metamorphosis, Gregor was alienated from many aspects of his life, including his own body; that’s why his transformation was almost no surprise to him. After the metamorphosis, Gregor was alienated from everything around him, even his room; Kafka symbolizes that by the hospital across from his window that he could not see after the metamorphosis. Kafka was brilliant in the sense that all the themes in the story led to the same outcome, which is the theme of alienation… List of Work Cited • Kafka Franz. “The Metamorphosis”. Short Fiction: An Introductory Anthology.
2002. 20 October 2003. <http://www.internationalhero.co.uk/galahad.htm> - “Sir Galahad.” King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table. 2001. 20 October 2003.