The dictionary defines war as, a state or period of armed hostility or active military operations. This definition does not hold true for the Cold War however. The phrase cold shoulder is used to express the act of disregarding someone or thing. This idea better sets the stage for the Cold War which was a period of tension, not armed hostility, between two world powers, The United States of America and The USSR, who both were wishing to disregard the others ideology, capitalism and communism. Many would argue that the Cold War was simply inevitable due to the opposing ideologies but, there are many things to look at when considering the cause.
; all this commencing the start of the Cold War. To determine the extent of the Stalin's effect on the Cold War, the investigation will compare the two interpretations: that the fault of the start of the Cold War is because Stalin and the U.S.S.R. not keeping the promises they had made at the Yalta conference, and enforcing Russian Regimes in these countries, as well as the interpretation that the reason for the Cold War was the fault of president Truman because the USA did not shared the the technology involving the atomic bomb with Russia at the end of World War 2. B. Summary of Evidence Plokhy, Serhii. Yalta: The Price of Peace.
That the soviets and the United States could only have a certain amount of weapons, this was a different and better approach since the Soviets didn’t want to be told to stop doing something all together. Each Cold War president different policies to attack the Cold war, the whole time the United states was nervous about the state of there country since it seemed like both the U.S and the Soviets were waiting for who would pull the trigger first. Though Nixon was the most effective president during the cold war because he took different approchs that other presidents didn’t take. Instead of stopping something all together and specifically working with only the soviets to stop the cold war.
To help enforce the ideas of containment, President Truman create... ... middle of paper ... ...ills and built bomb shelters in preparation for possible nuclear warfare. The U.S. also built up its army and its air force, just to be prepared. Overseas, the U.S. enforced the Eisenhower Doctrine, which was a threat warning communist countries not to attack the Middle East, lest they wanted to begin and all out war. The United States also engaged in an Arms Race with the Soviet Union to see who could build the most powerful and destructive weapons and technologies. Brinkmanship was effective in preventing war because neither the United States or the Soviet Union was really prepared to fight yet another war.
The question was whether the USA should pursue the same policy regarding communism in the Far East as in Europe, or should it concentrate on making sure that the Soviets couldn?t expand westward? Despite being a little too optimistic, MacArthur?s decisive policy addressed the global threat of communism better because it acknowledged that the U.S. shouldn?t just ignore one communist sector of the world, and because it recognized that we should eliminate an enemy that we are inevitably bound to come into conflict with. Analysis of Truman?s Policy Truman?s approach to Cold War politics was practical and logical, but it was too reactionary by nature. Truman failed to see that it was inevitable for the U.S. to eventually fight against the Soviets; in fact, one Soviet diplomat even said this himself as a rationalization for seizing more lands. The Truman Administration clearly realized that the Soviets had engaged in a struggle for power, a Cold War, so why then didn?t Truman do everything in his power to eliminate this... ... middle of paper ... ... passed, was more pro-active as opposed to reactionary.
The massive competition between United States and the Soviet Union was both inversely proportionated as redundant, which means that both nations were claiming the expansion of the other while they expanded themselves. United States claimed that the Soviet Union was spreading Communism among world’s nations while the Soviet Union was arguing American intervention in other country´s affairs in order to promote its imperialism. In 1947, United States and the Soviet Union did not just declared the beginning of the Cold War, au contraire, they declared the creation of a new world order at which countries had to be aligned with one or the other. Neutrality was practically impossible, especially for those nations who took advantage of European weakness in order to declare their path to independence. The overriding concern in Washington and Moscow was maximizing their influence in Europe, but at the same time they started to look far beyond European countries to recruit new friends and establish strategic alliances.
The two superpowers differed in views of political and economic principles and were eager to spread their ideologies to other countries. The United States were in favor of democracy and capitalism while the Soviet Union sought for the chances of influencing communism. Cold War did not involve the use of physical arms but was intensely fought. Propaganda, economic aids, Arms Race, and the creation of alliances were the main methods to fight the war. The use of propaganda played a crucial role in containment by criticizing the other power and raised the morale and spirit of their nation.
The two countries had completely opposite ideas of how to run and manage a country, which in return created chaos and was the core cause of the Cold War. The necessity of power was ... ... middle of paper ... ...their actions. The Soviet Union tried to spread Communism across the world and the United States intervened and created the Truman Doctrine where they stated that they would contain communism form spreading any further. The United States was trying to protect other countries from communist control. After World War II, the United States designed the Marshall plan in order to provide economic help to the Europe and Russia.
The American response… was basically a defensive reaction. As long as Soviet leaders clung to their dream of imposing Communism on the world, the West had no way (other than surrender) of ending the conflict…”. In fact, one could argue that the first interpretation of the origins of the Cold War was made by policy maker George Kennan. In 1947, under the pseudonym Mr. X, he published the article ‘Sources of Soviet Conduct’. Kennan claimed that the Soviet’s desired to expand their empire and Stalinist ideology in order to offer resista... ... middle of paper ... ...than academic, since they were expressed without access to sufficient primary sources making and secondly the later views benefited from the opening of Soviet Archives.
Gorbachev’s input and his clear goal of eliminating the arms race made it more possible for better Soviet-American relationships. Thus, Gorbachev, domestic politics and economic factors are more important to the end of the Cold War than Reagan. The realization that world peace is not reliant on military power transformed the Soviet-American relationship from the threat of mutual destruction and long lasting stereotype to an equilibrium of great power. Overall, an agreement can only be made when two sides