The utmost example of Hellenistic Greek sculpture. The Altar of Zeus at Pergamon was one of numerous samples of monumental architecture which the Attalids counted upon to accomplish their spiritual and political purposes. Ancient Greek architects endeavored for the accuracy and excellence of workmanship that are the trademarks of Greek art in general. The two primary orders in Archaic and Classical Greek architecture are the Doric and the Ionic. Ancient Greece has brought about many world architectural arrangements along centuries.
The ancient Greeks set the architectural foundations for the rest of the world with their three orders. The three styles, or orders, are the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. The three distinctive styles are referred to as orders because they display proportionate, ordered, and coordinated parts. The Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian orders serve a functional purpose, as well as lend so much beauty to structures. “All the world’s culture culminated in Greece, and Greece in Athens, all Athens in its Acropolis, all the Acropolis in the Parthenon” (Nardo, 61).
It is also the most significant reference point of ancient Greek culture as well as the symbol of the city of Athens. Some of the greatest architectural masterpieces of the period were erected on its ground. The Greek believed the human body was the measure of all things, therefore the artists created sculptures in a very detailed fashion which made them very life-like although the size of R... ... middle of paper ... ... made such a great impression that it has carried through to our present day buildings such as the White House. The Athena Parthenos has been recreated by the Romans and then most recently by recreated by Alan LeQuire which is in Nashville. (See Fig 2.)
Long after the Roman army captured Athens, the principles of Greek architecture continued to govern building designs in mainland Greece and in Anatolia and strongly influenced Roman architecture throughout the empire. Greek architecture changed and evolved over a number of years. The creative architecture of the Greeks led to the construction of some of the best known buildings in history. Therefore, the Greek's advancements in the field of architecture were not only beneficial to their civilizations, but ours as well.
Consequently the Greeks had a reason to build. The Acropolis (in Greek meaning city) of Athens is a steep-sided hill containing several temples ruins, precincts, and other buildings. The Acropolis of Athens has remain as a monument of success to the people of Athens. The temples were used to worship Greek gods. It arises over the city of Athens on a steep hill.
Each of these civilizations had their unique pieces of art that help defining and understand the era in which they existed. I . Classical Greece- Greek Temples Architecture These are temples where they worshiped in. The temples were made with a lot of stylistic bravado. This made the temples the architectural eye-candy at that time.
Michelangelo used the Greek belief of perfect beauty and the newly emerging realistic viewpoint on art to create an image of a near god-like beauty. From the works of both Michelangelo and Leonardo Da Vinci, Renaissance art heavily relied on Greek beauty, to portray their messages across on idealization and portrayed divinity in biblical art. Ancient Greece is where the search for human beauty began. Exploring symmetrical and ideological perfections on human features, with reference to the Golden Ratio enabled the Greeks to answer what beauty was. Plato, born into an Athenian family in the golden age of Greek democracy, strived to elaborate the idea of Forms which originated from Hereclitus’ statement, “all things accessible to the senses are always in a state of flux.” Expanding from the idea of Forms, Plato questioned beauty, “What is beauty?
. temple after temple, each more gorgeous and more perfect than the one before, rose all over the Greek main land, to reach a final climax in the Athenian Parthenon . . .” (Hamlin 124). Here Hamlin explains the greatness of what was achieved in Athens at the Acropolis and how nothing beyond that point could compare.
have influenced the architecture of the past two millennia” (Architecture). The Greeks were brilliant in many things, but Rome 's brilliant architectural, organizational and engineering feats that make them stand out among the ancient peoples (10 Cool), advancing
The figures seem to jump out of the marble with almost completely three-dimensional bodies. The act of Greeks favoring reason over emotion is found in many sculptures and scenes on the Parthenon. In summary, the Greeks followed the ideals of humanism, idealism, and rationalism, which can be found in the architectural wonder, the Parthenon. In this building, Gods are depicted in human form, sculptures are carved with ideal proportions, and rationalism can be found in the scenes carved there. Professor Hurwit says, “It was the physical embodiment of their values, their beliefs of their ideology.