Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens

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Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens

Scrooge has become one of the most commonly know characters from

Charles Dickens’s novels, in the respect that he is the most horrible

and callus of all his characters, this dastardly individual was used

to convey a serious social message about the extreme neglect of

Victorian employees.

The first chapter of ‘A Christmas Carol’ prepares the reader for the

rest of the novel. Dickens does this by creating antipathy for scrooge

and by introducing gothic elements to prepare the reader for the

arrival of the spirits later on in the book. In the 18th century

Charles Dickens was one of the most important and listened to social

commentators. ‘A Christmas Carol’ was written to convey Dickens’s

social message to the rich.

Dickens creates antipathy for scrooge because he wants his readers to

dislike scrooge and reject his way of life. Scrooge represented

everything Dickens hated in the rich and this dislike is conveyed

using Dickens own didactic voice; through the way scrooge behaves

towards others; and through the description of scrooges house and


By using his own didactic voice Dickens directs the readers thoughts.

Charles Dickens portrays Scrooge as inhuman and unfeeling. This is

shown through the author’s use of the comparison of Scrooge to the


“No wind that blew was bitterer than he, no falling snow was more

intent upon its purpose, no pelting rain was less open to entreaty”

The fact Scrooge is said by Dickens to be ‘bitterer’ than the wind

gets across the idea of the coldness of Scrooges nature. By comparing


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...emorse for anyone not

even himself. This is shown in the way he won’t buy a candle to light

his house by saying ‘Darkness was cheap, and Scrooge liked it’. Even

though Scrooge has money he refuses to enjoy it he just keeps it.

In chapter one dickens really sets the reader up for the rest of the

novel by getting across the message he is trying to convey in his

book, by creating antipathy for scrooge and also by using elements of

gothic horror to prepare the reader for the spirits. Charles Dickens

wanted to change the way the Victorian poor were treated by the rich.

Dickens achieved this to a certain extent but its hard to see how much

Dickens’s novels actually helped changed peoples preconceptions.

However, the novels must of done something to enlighten people to the

suffering that was happening all around them.
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