On the other hand you have the Catholic Church in Medieval Europe, with a lot of power in the medieval society. The Catholic Church was the western counterpart the Eastern Orthodox Church and it slowly became a very strict religion. Their mission was simple: faith+good works=salvation. Religion over 2000 years ago was almost more important then, than it is today. It was new, and it was important, the rise of Christianity played a central role in the early historical
But during the first one thousand years of the Christian era, it was the dominant branch in northern Europe and the British Isles. It was responsible for the survival of Christianity and of general knowledge during the barbarian invasions following the collapse of the Roman Empire. Celtic Christianity represented the interaction of the Druids with the teachings of the Bible. It was responsible for the unique personal consciousness, love of liberty, and the curiosity of Western man. THE CAMBRIAN CHURCH The Church of Cambria was the fountainhead of Celtic Christianity from the time of the Apostles and for many centuries thereafter.
Middle Ages as the Age of Faith The Middle Ages is often referred to as the Age of Faith and it is correct to do so, as during this period religion dominated all aspects of life from architecture, literature, art and music. The dominant religion during this period was Christianity. The middle ages saw "the emergence … of Christian literary forms… a popular religious culture centred around processions, icons, and relics" (George Holmes 42). The crusades were wars fought in the name of God or holy wars. The first of the crusades began in 1095 when Pope Urban the second received an appeal for help from Alexius the first, the Byzantine Emperor.
The third and increment of history will range from 1649 to 1945 A.D. The date 311 A.D. marks the issuing of the "Edict of Toleration" for Christians. This date is important because it symbolizes "national" acceptance of Christianity, and planted its roots as a political institution. Later the Roman Empire on the verge of internal collapse acknowledged the importance of Christianity and used it to hold together the remnants of it former self. This adoption of Christianity took form and eventually became the Catholic church.The church became intermingled with politics and became a strong entity.
Like Wyclif's Lollard heresy, the English Protestant Reformation, over one hundred years later, would draw support from both the common people and the royal establishment. Among the many causes of the Reformation, one stands out as the most important because it alone brought about a specifically English reformation. The religious drive of the common people to create a more open system of worship was a grassroots movement of reform, similar to the reformations taking place across Europe. The political ambitions of those at the highest levels of government to consolidate power in the person of the monarch, however, is what made a reformation of the Church in England into a specifically English Reformation. John Wyclif and the people who followed him reflected how royal authority could be b... ... middle of paper ... ... act for the dissolution of monasteries, 1539" Given-Wilson, Chris.
European thinkers, writers, and artists began to look back and celebrate the art and culture of ancient Greece and Rome (Blake 52). This curiosity and authority to speak at will sparked an innovation that made the Catholic Church so prevalent. During the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church dominated society and its surroundings; as the prominent religion, economic system, and the only way to salvation, the Catholic Church served as the most powerful institution in all of Europe. As the Catholic Faith spread across England and the rest of Europe, it became the most largely followed religion of the Medieval Period. After the fall of Rome, no single state or government existed that united people who lived in Europe (Blake 78).
By 379 under the rule of Theodosius I Christianity became the official religion of the empire. Therefore with such power given to this new institution, we have the birth of Christian art. The early Church realized how powerful art was to the Romans at that time and they decided to use such power to inspire and teach, for such tools as visual effect could be only transmitted throw art. One of the other reasons was that at the time most of the population was illiterate. Therefore images from the bible would tell the stories of Christ and the twelve apostles.
The Church had a ranking structure (hierarchy) that was in many ways almost identical to the Feudal System, this showed that the Church had much power in those times then they do today and showed the influence that the Church had in those times. The power and the influence of the Church in those times were mainly roo... ... middle of paper ... ...hrist in the country of Palestine during the reign of the Roman Emperor Tiberius (42 BC - AD 37). Christianity took its rise in Judaism. Most of the Roman Emperors that came after Constantine were Christians. Christianity then became the official religion of the Roman Empire instead of the old Roman religion that had worshipped many Gods.
He also failed to see that he gave more and more power to the Church in the administrative affairs that resulted in diminished imperial rule. In the times to come after Constantine’s death his successor’s witnessed the growing intervention of the church in the matters of state administration (Cameron, 21). Constantine’s conversion of Christianity is an integral milestone in popularizing Christianity and today it is a dominating religion not only in Europe, the rest of the world, as well. It can be rightly concluded, that Constantine’s development of Roman empire as a Christian state was passed down to throughout Europe and the western world as his legacy.
New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1990. - Callahan, William J., and David Higgs, eds. Church and society in Catholic Europe of the Eighteenth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979. - Chatellier, Louis.