The Igbo people also lost their culture because of many unreasonable conceptions in their spirituality. To colonize the land of Nigerian tribal people or any other lands in the world, the British wisely used religion as a tool of invasion. Though the process of spreading Christianity took longer time than war and killing, the attack on belief and spirituality made the native people completely submit to the new government which generated and supported the religion that those people followed. In fact, the British missionaries succeeded in convincing the Igbo people of the new religion despite the Igbo’s conservativeness and extreme superstition. When the missionaries arrived in Mbanta, the mother land of Okonkwo, they did not achieve their goal of convincing people at the first time.
Before this, they natives had been very superstious, but as they new religion flooded over the peoples, their superstiousocity began to lessen and their belief in the many gods they had previously believed in. Also, as many of the natives ran to the new Christian faith, many family bonds were broken. Before colonialism took place, family was an important thing in the Igbo society. It was not often that a man would give his son away for any reason, but because of the English coming in and teaching a new faith, many families were forced to give up their sons, daughters, and even some men were forced to give up their wives. The new religion also affected the way certain customs took place in the Igbo society.
The novel primarily focuses on small villages such as Umuofia village in southern Nigeria, and the native’s first and prolonged contacts with the British expansionism or missionaries. In the novel, Achebe depicts the political changes that have occurred from pre-European arrival and post-European prolonged stay that have differentiated the Igbo politics. For example, Achebe states that “…the white man had not only brought a religion but also a government” which depicts that the missionaries enforced natives to adapt to British laws (2486). Also, the native could not violate those laws because they would be trialed at the court house for the severity of the laws punishment or penalty that cou... ... middle of paper ... ...of their territories in to the different continents, but for the native, it was a hell of a “culture clash” of rapid enforcement of new religion, culture, politics, custom, and economic values. The Igbo people tried their best to prevent Imperialism in their native village, but their opponents were too clever in persuading the rest of their population in to submission into their power.
The missionaries help the colonizers work up treaties that cheated Africa tribes out of their land and their resources. Kenyan nationalist leader, Jomo Kenyatta, was quoted saying “When the missionaries came the Africans had the land and the Christians had the Bible. They taught us to pray with our eyes closed. When we opened our eyes we saw that they now had the land and we had the Bible.” ( Gordon 286) This is the sad truth. The missionaries did use Christianity as a way to control the Africans and make the colonization process easier.
Since the beginning of humanity, conflicts such as land, religion, and wealth have all been primary factors as they distinguish and define many cultures, such as how Christianity was the driving force behind western expansion. As European countries attempted to spread their religion throughout the world the Doctrine of Discover was formed, allowing any newly discovered people, who do not practice Christianity, may be subjugated to indentured servitude. The most common people who were forced into this slavery were Native Americans. Naturally as this progressed, the indigenous people turned to their religion in order to hopefully save themselves from colonization. When more land was taken from the indigenous people, their religious locations,
Countries in Europe felt that it was their obligation to expose indigenous people to their religious system because it would give them salvation. Missionaries often went to islands with the sole purpose of religious indoctrination of the natives, but left a colonized and westernized island behind. Christian missionaries may have had benign motives, but the presence of missionaries was the first step to ‘opening’ a colony. Economic exploitation typically followed presence of missionaries. While religion isn’t mentioned frequently in the documents, religion underscores most justifications for colonization.
Colonists and Indians Fight for Mutual Interests on the American Frontier Since the settling of the English colonies in the early 17th century, pioneers have been destined to expand into the North American frontier and to domesticate it with their Christian faith and progressive nature. In their exploration of the frontier, however, the Puritan colonists often encountered Indians whose savagery challenged their discipline and morals. Just as the colonists expanded, Indians also saw their native lands of many years vanish. The situation naturally compelled the Puritans and the Indians to fight each other for their mutual interests. Thus, while most accounts of Western history focus on the heathen threat, both Indians and colonists experienced the harshness of the captivity myth and its evolution into other mythology that defined American history.
Second, this mission acted as a channel to allow a new government to infiltrate Umuofia and challenge the laws and customs that held together the former Igbo way of life. Igbo spirituality weakened in two waves. First Christianity provided answers that the inhabitants of Umuofia and Mbanta were seeking. At the end of Part One Obierika's thoughts are expressed: Obierika was a man who thought about things. When the will of the goddess h... ... middle of paper ... ...ent the total destruction of Umuofia, it is important to remember that it is impossible for societies to stay static.
They were invaded by Christian missionaries from England. The natives did not believe the stories of their neighboring village being destroyed and suffered the consequences. When British imperialism found its way into Africa it had quite profound effects on the indigenous populations such as deterioration of ancient tribal practices, hostile situations, and death and suffering on both sides. In the village of Umuofia, located near the lower Niger River, the citizens lived what they would have considered to be normal lives. They worked and built houses and survived.
While original settlers came to America to create a Christian homeland where they could practice their faith how they wanted, America quickly became a homeland for religious freedom through a mixing pot of differing religions, cultures, and ethnicities, enough open land for them to exist together, and the key idea of the separation of Church and State. The Protestants who emigrated to America knew from experience of the negative effect the government had on religion when the two were operating together. With the mindset of creating a new perfect holy land, they decided to make sure both church and state worked separately. While Puritans still did everything they could to enforce their beliefs in New England, including exiling those who did not attend church regularly, the core idea of separation of church and state was in the minds of the people. In order to have a country that values the freedom of religion, the church has to be out of any government policy.