An imbalance in caloric metabolism is to blame for obesity; however, this imbalance can be due to an assortment of factors (Childhood Obesity Facts, 2014), not just overeating and a lack of exercise. Because of the prevalence of obesity and its effects on our youth, it is expert opinion that addressing this issue of childhood obesity is more necessary today than ever before. Before it can be addressed, though, biological and environmental factors need to be recognized (Gundersen, Mahatmya, Garasky, Lohman, 2014). Gundersen et al. (2014) explored the idea that there are psychosocial stressors in children’s lives that play a role in obesity.
Children become obese because of various genetic, behavioral and environmental factors. What is childhood obesity? According to the Obesity Action Coalition says, “Obesity is a condition that is associated with having an excess of body fat, defined by genetic and environmental factors that are difficult to control when dieting”. (Obesity Action Coalition)Childhood obesity is caused by juvenile diabetes and that is a leading factor for children between the ages of six through adolescence. Many experts... ... middle of paper ... ...c OneFile.
doi:10.1037/0033-2909.133.4.557 Purcell, M. (2010). Raising healthy children: Moral and political responsibility for childhood obesity. Journal of Public Health Policy, 32(4), 433–446. doi:10.1057/jphp.2010.28 Speiser, P. W., Rudolf, M. C., Anhalt, H., Camacho-Hubner, C., Chiarelli, F., Eliakim, A., . .
Childhood obesity Numerous children are victims of a variety of health problems inflicted by the deficiency of good nutrition and physical activity. Childhood obesity is a national epidemic and is continuously growing rapidly. Obesity is an excessive amount of body fat in relation to body mass, being overweight is your body weight in relation to your height (L. Marcus Ph. D and A. Baron M.S.W.). Obesity is the most distinct medical condition but the most difficult condition to treat.
Obesity in children is a contributing factor of hypertension, high cholesterol and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Studies have shown that 70% of obese children have one and 39% have two risk factors of CVD (CDC, 2012). With the prevalence of childhood obesity in American children, long term and short term health effects can be drastically influenced by the popularity of fast food, amount of physical activity and parental influence. Children can be conditioned to lead an unhealthy life. The increased availability of fast food has changed, so should our eating habits.
(2009), Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, Time trends in childhood and adolescent obesity in England from 1995 to 2007 and projections of prevalence to 2015. Stunkard, A., Eugene, D., Fox, S. & Ross, D., (1972), The journal of the American medical association, influence of social class on obesity and thinness is children, http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=343791#References [accessed 06 Nov 2013] The Institute of Heartmath, (2012), childhood obesity and emotional eating, http://www.heartmath.org/free-services/articles-of-the-heart/childhood-obesity-and-emotional-eating.html [accessed 05 Nov 2013] The World Health Organisation, (2013), Childhood overweight and obesity, http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/childhood/en/ [accessed 20 Nov 2013]
Another factor that influences childhood obesity is heredity. Infants born to overweight mothers are found to be less active than other infants. Parents are the primary contributors of childhood obesity based on statistics, obesity risks, and government plans that show childhood obesity is a dangerous rising problem in the United States. Statistics demonstrate childhood obesity is a rising problem in the United States. “A major example is that there is a prevalence of obesity of children aged to 6 to 11 increases from 6.5% in 1980 to 19.6% in 2009” (CDC Division of Adolescent and School Health).
(2003) Policy statement: prevention of pediatric overweight and obesity. Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics, 112:424–430 Braet C, Mervielde I, Vandereycken W. (1997) Psychological aspects of childhood obesity: a controlled study in a clinical and non-clinical sample. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 22:59–71.
doi: 10.1038/oby.2001.125 Whitaker, R. C., Wright, J. A., Pepe, M. S., Seidel, K. D., Dietz, W. H. (1997) Predicting obesity in young adulthood from childhood and parental obesity. N Engl J Med 337: 869–873.
However, doctors should always be mindful of the possible role of abuse or neglect in contributing to obesity. The result of some research that was done on the symptoms of neglect shows a clear correlation between childhood abuse and obesity in childhood. A study of American school children has found that after controlling for socioeconomic status, those who were physically abused were more likely to be obese (Callaghan, 201... ... middle of paper ... ...nment Intervention for a Childhood Epidemic." Washington Post. The Washington Post, 29 Nov. 2011.