In the 1600s, the New England colonies were quickly developing because of the Puritans. Many great ideas and ethics were brought to the New World from England in a short amount of time. There was always a sense of order in their society, which was spread throughout the colonies. The importance of unity, education, and money greatly shaped the systematic life of Puritans.
In the 1600’s, many Puritans made the journey from Europe to America. As these people arrived on the east coast, they first settled along rivers and constructed towns. Most fled Europe because of religious persecution so they wished to have a permanent settlement where they could be free. Therefore, the Puritans established the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Throughout this colony and others, the Puritans influenced the social, economic, and political development of the New England colonies.
The first successful permanent English colony to be founded in America was Jamestown, Virginia in 1607. Prior to this, there were two other attempts to colonize the region, unfortunately, they both failed to do so. The most famous of which was the colony of Roanoke island, set up by Sir Walter Raleigh, where all the colonists mysteriously disappeared leaving only the word “Croatan” carved into a tree. This successful settlement was a project of the Virginia company, a joint-stock company that existed to make money for its investors, something it never did. Jamestown might have been the first English colony in America, but Massachusetts Bay is most likely better known, this is probably because the colonists who immigrated there were very recognizable
The New England Colonies were a group of Puritans lead by John Winthrop who settled in Massachusetts and wanted religious reform. Off the first group lead by John Winthrop came along Connecticut, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire. The New England colony constantly took over native American lands and, as a result, much fighting took place between the Indians and the settlers of the region. The Puritans believed that people should worship and tend local matters as a community which resulted in a tightly knit of towns and villages. The Puritans took religion very seriously. Sabbath was very strict, and church was divided between genders. There were many town meetings which lead to the growth of democratic ideas in New England. They were the most concerned about education. They set up the first public schools and towns of 100 families or more had to set up a grammar school to prepare boys for college. New England was the only group of colonies that set up dame schools, or private schools run by women in their own homes for girls.
Between 1606 and 1700, the settlers sponsored by the London Company sailed to Virginia in hopes of getting rich and obtaining land. These people became known as the settlers of England’s Virginia Colony. What the settlers experienced was nothing like the success that was imagined for “Virginia, Earth’s only paradise! (Doc A)” to hold. The challenges of Virginia can be illustrated by these 3 things: the lust for gold, tobacco, and the first few winters.
He strongly believed in his words, "He that will not work shall not eat". Even though Captain Smith did a good job, in 1609, a new agreement replaced the unsuccessful council with an all-powerful government. In Maryland, they were able to prosper quickly economically because of their ability to grow tobacco. By having a long coastline along the Chesapeake Bay, it was easy shipping for the tobacco planters. New England's male settlers were small farmers, merchants, seamen, or fishermen which made a very good way of living. ON the other hand, the New England founding fathers had very high expectations for their region and they were fulfilled. Their economy was based on individual accomplishments of the towns’ farmers. They were able to harvest enough crops to feed their families, as well as, trade for things that they couldn’t make themselves. The New England region’s living standards were much higher than those of the Mid-Atlantic. The New England region became an extremely important factor in merchant and shipbuilding. They grew so much that they even served as the center for trading between the South and
Even though Massachusetts was the “most populous, influential, and powerful of the New England colonies” and New England as a whole was considered a healthier environment than the Chesapeake colonies, disease was still a major issue (Taylor, pg. 166). Due to the fact of the new environment, weather, location change, lack of access to food and fresh water, and close proximity, disease and death were inevitable during the colonial era. Massachusetts was no exception. According to Pond, the people were “subject to disease,” and had “died of the scurvy and of the burning fever two hundred and odd” (Pond, pg. 94). Ultimately, if a colonist did not die from the extremely high fever, they were immobilized inside their own bodies and unable to walk.
The Puritans came and settled in the Massachusetts Bay Colony around 1630 with the ideas to shape New England culture. The Puritans were religious separatists, which meant they had left the Church of England. King James the first threatened to push the puritans out or do worse. In reslult the puritans ended up leaving and finding their own place to settle. Their main purpose was to spread their religious beliefs and to find land for economical reason.Puritans held very strong beliefs on the way they lived their life. They wanted to spread their beliefs and ideas among the colonies. The amount of Puritans continued to grow larger based on the control of the leaders, 13 years after they settled there were about 20,000 puritans living in the area. The Puritans had their own ideas and values which helped shape the political, economic, and social structure of the New England colonies.
The democracy has been working on democratic and undemocratic features in Colonial America. One Democratic feature is the rule of law no one is about the law. One example is public officials of any other person .The document is Document #3
Chesapeake colonies transitioned from a society with slaves to a slave society. They needed slaves to work on the tobacco plantations. The demand for tobacco was high and kept growing. This unfortunately encouraged the continuous of slave imports. Chesapeake planters invested in the slave trade to support their tobacco economy. Prices for tobacco dropped but some planters shifted to other production.