Che Guevara: Iconic Hero or Failed Revolutionary?

analytical Essay
2362 words
2362 words

The story of Ernesto Guevara, a child who was born to a well-to-do Argentine family who went on to become a medical doctor sounds like a success story. Ernesto Guevara probably isn’t a name many people recognize, add the word “Che” to the name—Ernesto “Che” Guevara—and many people recognize the name of a famed revolutionary of the 1960’s. Even now, forty-four years after his death, his name and image remain popular. To some Che Guevara is idolized as a man of the people, a freedom fighter for the downtrodden, who gave his life in the struggle to free peoples of the world to live in a “better” society; for others he was a ruthless killer who was willing to die to be a martyr for his cause. This paper will look at the life of Che Guevara and what made him the cult figure in death he could not be in life. Ernesto Guevara—the Beginning Ernesto Guevara was born in 1928, the eldest of five children of a wealthy middle-class Argentine family. Ernesto’s mother schooled him at home until age nine when he entered public schools. The political climate in Argentina at the time was fairly volatile but “Guevara was not remembered to have any overt political leanings as a high school student” (Petersen, 2005, Early Years section, para. 2). After graduation from high school Ernesto took a job working in a laboratory conducting studies of soil samples in the town of Villa Maria; his family moved to Buenos Aires the following year. Shortly after the move his grandmother died and he decided to become a doctor (Petersen, 2005, Early Years section, para. 3.) He began his medical studies at the Buenos Aires University. Up to this point in his life he could be categorized as a fairly typical middle-class young man, but change was not far away. ... ... middle of paper ... ... 2004/10/1014_041014_motorcycle_diaries.html Petersen, J. B. (2005). Che Guevara. Retrieved from /ehost/detail?vid=3&hid=123&sid=9bec1cca-5c95-4e60-a095-110d5c5d6a68%40sessionmgr 111&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#db=ulh&AN=17863577 Rosenberg, J. (n.d.). Fidel Castro: A biography of Fidel Castro. In online. Retrieved from Skoller, J. (2005). Shadows, Specters, Shards: Making history in avant-garde film. Retrieved from's%20 afterlife%3A%20the%20legacy%20image. The Motorcycle Diaries (book). (n.d.) In Wikipedia, The free encyclopedia online. Retrieved December 15, 2011 from

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes the story of ernesto guevara, born to a well-to-do argentine family, who went on to become medical doctor.
  • Explains that ernesto was "tired of school and itching to see the world" by the time he left for buenos aires.
  • Analyzes how ernesto kept a diary about the abuse and careless attitude for workers' health and safety by officials of the anaconda, kennecott, and united fruit companies.
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