Chapter III

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Liszt was a pianist who played a piece one time and then he “began to transpose simple passages into octaves and thirds, trills into sixths and to add phrases on his own until, in Brorodin’s words, what emerged ‘was not the same piece but an improvisation of it’” (Perenyi 205). Three of Franz Liszt’s most famous and important compositions are Un Sospiro, Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2 and his absolute most famous composition named Sonata in B Major. Liszt’s music was inspired by Hungarian and gypsy music, the spirit of the romantic era and liked improvisation. He was a romantic composer who was experimental and who liked challenges and was therefore also a composer not everyone agreed with. However, no matter what, the fact is that he influenced music history enormously. Here are a few of his groundbreaking compositions that either confirmed his romantic spirit or moved music composition forward. Un Sospiri History Liszt’s composition called Un Sospiro also goes under the name Etude in Db Major (Burwasser, Nockin, Dubin). According to Brittanica an etude can be defined as “French: “study” in music, originally a study or technical exercise, later a complete and musically intelligible composition exploring a particular technical problem in an esthetically satisfying manner….With the 27 piano études by Frédéric Chopin (Opus 10, 1833; Opus 25, 1837), the étude became a composition of considerable musical interest apart from its merit as a technical study.” The three pieces in the Etude were at first were called “Trois caprices poetiques,” which means “Three concert studies,” and their names were Il Lamento, La Leggierezza and Un Sospiro (Feiner). The pieces were written between the years 1845 to 1849 and were de... ... middle of paper ... ...ng it a hybrid was because the form was “a combination of the sectional structure of the Verbunkos form which is divided into a lassu—friss section, a disz (possibly two or three) and a figura, and the binary structure of the Csárdás form which contains separate lassu and friss sections in which several melodies are presented in varied elaboration” (Vidovic 27). Mer Influence Bartok actually called Liszt’s Hungarian Rhapsodies as Liszt’s “’least successful works’” because he did not find them creative enough (Vidovic 7). However, some people thought differently. Ernest Hutcheson was very impressed by the compositions and thought they were "’dazzling’" and explained all the negative comments with the statement ”that the negative appraisal of the Hungarian Rhapsodies became fashionable in order for critics to show their "superiority to public taste" (Vidovic 7).
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