In addition, all things are a reflection of God and in this sense the Monad is a reflection of God's doing. Anslem believes that God is the one that makes all things possible, just as Leibniz and Spinoza. Spinoza states God is an independent existence which is the cause of everything. All of the philosophers believe God makes all things possible. Leibniz compares to the other philosophers as well because he believes God is a perfect architect who created the world.
Because God is a perfect being, the idea of God can be found from exploring the different notions of ideas. Descartes uses negation to come to the conclusion that ideas do not come from the world or imagination; because the world contains material objects, perfection does not exist. Descartes emphasizes the idea that his idea of God's existence does not originate from his senses. Rather than having created the idea himself, he states that God himself imprinted the idea on him. “Thus the only option remaining is that this idea is innate in me just as the idea of myself is innate in me” (Descartes, 34).
We, His creation only share in existence with God. We depend on God for our existence, meaning that not only does God create the universe but He also keeps the universe in existence every second, giving him the title of the most powerful being. St. Augustine of Hippo once called out to God by saying “O Highest and Best, most all-powerful most merciful and most just, most deeply hidden and most nearly present,” (CP3 14). Not only does this show that God is powerful but also transcend and immanent. God being transcendent means that He is infinitely beyond, above, and outside the universe and all things.
The God, for them, is supreme, "needing nothing outside himself, but needful for the being and well-being of all things." (Pg. 305). St Anselm’s account of the ontological argument for the existence of God deals with the ‘existence in the understanding’ vs. ‘existence in reality.’ He defines God as the greatest conceivable or possible being. He adds that any person who hears this statement describing God understands what is meant.
Descartes expounds that he is a thinking thing. He goes on to say that sensations and mental images exist in him as aspects of his thinking. He says that he knows definitively that he exists because he sees clearly and distinctly the composite parts that make up his entire self; therefore, anybody who says that he does not exist is making a false statement because he, as a thinking being, is able to clearly and distinctly grasp his being and thus it is true that he exists. Descartes' idea of God is one who is distinctly and clearly infinite. As the idea of an infinite being cannot be truly fathomed by a finite mind (his mind), he nevertheless doesn't seek to understand such because he accepts that he is a finite being.
Therefore, if God is the greatest conceivable being and has all qualities, he must have all predicates, one of them being existence, therefore God must surely exist. Descartes says that trying to imagine God without the predicate of existence is illogical, like imagining a triangle without three sides! In conclusion to Descartes’s argument, if the most perfect thing has all p... ... middle of paper ... ... have been impossible for anything to have begun to exist…therefore we cannot but admit the existence of some being having of itself its own necessity…” Furthermore, there must have been a ‘necessary being’ to bring about this existence, this being God. He evaluated that if God did not exist, then nothing would exist. In conclusion, Aquinas presents in his three ways of proving the existence of God that nothing could have existed without the existence of another.
God is also said to be omnipotent or all-powerful. This should be understood to mean that God can do anything that is (1) logically possible (see below), and (2) consistent with being a personal, incorporeal, omniscient, omnipresent, immutable, wholly perfect, and necessary Creator. Concerning the latter, these attributes are not limitations of God's power, but perfections. They are attributes at their infinitely highest level, which are essential to God's nature. For example, since God is perfect, He cannot sin; because He is personal, He is incapable of making Himself impersonal; because He is omniscient, He cannot forget.
Ontological arguments are a priori, which show that God exists without appealing to a sense experience. These ontological arguments argue about what God is to where he is from. St. Anselm, the creator of the ontological argument, based his theory on that we cannot think of anything greater than God. Therefor God must exist, why you might ask? If the greatest thing that we can conceive does not exist than we can still conceive the greatest thing that does exist, and that would be God.
In the New Merriam Webster Dictionary, sophism is defined as a plausible but fallacious argument. In Rene Descartes Meditation V, he distinguishes the existence of God, believing he must prove that god exists before he can examine any corporeal objects outside of himself. By proving that the existence of God is not a sophism, he also argues that God is therefore the Supreme Being and the omnipotent one. His conclusion that God does exist enables him to prove the existence of material things, and the difference between the soul and the body. Ideas, innovations, and inventions are all created from brilliant minds.
The issue with the solving of this problem is in Spinoza’s definition of God. Spinoza defines God as “a being absolutely infinite-that is, a substance consisting in infinite attributes, of which each expresses eternal and infinite essentiality.” The issue with this definition can be found within the word essentiality. I take issue with this definition because I disagree with his definition of God. Nothing in existence is essential and therefore to posit the claim that God is essential is a direct contradiction. Spinoza’s method of proving one substance relies upon his definitions and reason.