Cells, Cancer and Gene Control

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All cancers begin in cells, the body's basic unit of life. To understand cancer, it's helpful to know what happens when normal cells become cancer cells.
- Origins of Cancer (National Cancer Institute, 2014)
So what is the relationship between cancer and gene control and cells? As the epigraph states that all cancer begins with cells, and the definition of cancer is “Cancer is a term used for diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and are able to invade other tissues” (National Cancer Institute, 2014), exploring the properties of life and cells in the light of their chemical, molecular and compound based composition; their internal and external look (anatomy and physiology); how they function to live (cell respiration, photosynthesis) and divide to grow in numbers (reproductions); and the finally the laws (Mendel’s) structures and functions (DNA) they adhere to will provide us with a robust understanding of cancer and gene control.
First, let’s explore the properties of life and cells in the light of their chemical, molecular and compound based composition that are necessary for life. All life displays seven common characteristics: Order, Regulation, Growth and Development, Energy processing, Response to the environment, Reproduction, and Evolution. When combined, these seven characteristics are called the properties of life (Simon, Dickey, Reece, & Campbell, 2013). The properties of life are visible in two types of cells, prokaryotic and eukaryotic those constitute all life on earth which is divided in three domains called Bacteria, Archaea and Eukarya. The composition of cells can be viewed from a combined chemical, molecular and compound based perspectives. From a Micro view, cells are composed of matter (any...

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...ion; photosynthesis; and reproductions of cells as well as Mendel’s laws and DNA structures and functions provided a more in depth interpretation of cancer and the mechanisms of gene control.

Farlex, Inc. (n.d.). Mendel's Law. Retrieved 05 08, 2014, from The Free Dictionary by Farlex: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Mendel%27s+law
Freudenrich, P. C. (n.d.). How DNA Works. Retrieved 05 14, 2014, from science.howstuffworks.com: http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/cellular-microscopic/dna1.htm
National Cancer Institute. (2014, 03 07). Defining Cancer. (N. I. Health, Producer) Retrieved 05 03, 2014, from www.cancer.gov: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/cancerlibrary/what-is-cancer
Simon, E. J., Dickey, J. L., Reece, J. B., & Campbell, N. A. (2013). Campbell Essential Biology (5th ed.). Glenview, IL, USA: Pearson Education, Inc. Retrieved 05 05, 2014

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