"The Chinese Revolution of 1911 - 1899–1913 - Milestones - Office of the Historian." The Chinese Revolution of 1911 - 1899–1913 - Milestones - Office of the Historian. Office of the Historian, n.d. Web. 09 May 2014.
Web. 23 March 2014. Traditions. “The History of the Chinese Mask.” Traditions-Cultural-China.com. n.d.
The “Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution” or the “Cultural Revolution” had been a failed attempt at making China a stronger country. This revolution had destroyed China’s rich history. The period from 1966 to 1969 had been terrifying years in which the Red Guards used violence to purge China of any anti- communist sources. Mao Zedong had led the violence and turmoil in China after his failed attempt at the Great Leap Forward. He relied on China’s youth to change the traditional customs and ideas.
Chiang essentially allowed the Japanese to invade China and was shown that he did not remotely care for the common people (Derbyshire, John). As a result, it led to the invasion in Nanjing and as brutal actions increased from the Japanese, with the well-known atrocity of rape of Nanjing (Baumler, Alan). It was not until after Chiang was kidnapped, that he was forced to turn his focus to fight the Japanese. However Fenby explains, “While his overall strategic concept against Japan made eventual sense, it entailed huge loses of life and territory, with the attendant demoralization and weakening of his regime.”(501) While Chiang was able to eventually defeat the Japanese; his late realization to what was actually more important led to the horrific events as Japan invaded China. These events caused an aftermath of thousands of deaths and created a demoralizing part of China’s history.
China Mike. Accessed December 16, 2013. http://www.china-mike.com/chinese-culture/understanding-chinese-mind/confucius/. 5. Vaughan-Pow, Anne. "Ancient China: Confucianism ."
The disparity of success between these two movements demonstrates the evolving political strength of the Chinese state that has revolutionized in its sovereignty and organization since the mid-nineteenth century, providing the foundation for mass reform and Chinese modernization. While the leaders of the self-strengthening movement desired to adopt Western military technology, they failed to recognize the strength and superiority of the Western political systems behind the armies. The ruling Qing dynasty, factionalized and ineffectual, did not provide a stable platform to initiate reforms. The Qing’s response to the opium trade, which devastated the health of citizens and threatened China’s control of trade, evidenced its lack of authority. Emperor Daoguang issued twelve imperial edicts between 1813 and 1839, yet the numbers of opium chests smuggled into China grew from 4,000 to... ... middle of paper ... ...with the world’s greatest powers.