Shakespeare and Golding have much to say about man's sinful nature. Both of these writers have conveyed in their works, Macbeth and lord of the flies, a similar game of survival, power, corruption and pure evil. Furthermore in both pieces main characters die; their deaths come about as a result, consequently because of their sinful nature and the pure greed of others around them. Human beings thrive on competition, subsequently such factors can change the way we think, the way we act as humans and how we treat others. In edition these authors use characters, particularly Jack and Macbeth, as examples of man’s self-corruption by letting our natural greedy self-centred self’s come through.
He is best described as disturbing, ruthless, and amoral. No other character can even come close to his evil (Iago: The 1). Iago, in the play Othello, is a very intriguing villain. Even though he is often referred to as "Honest" Iago, he lies, cheats, steals, bullies, and even kills just to get what he wants (Iago as 1). Iago starts off being evil when he finds out that Othello gave Cassio the position of lieutenant that he felt he deserved.
For example, one of the military’s top generals has an extreme obsession with parades and eventually schedules fake parades that will never happen just for the fun of it. Heller provides a dark aspect to his humor by relying on black humor. One example of black humor occurs when the army is unable to recognize that Mudd is dead and Doc Daneeka is alive. The soldiers put more faith in military records than the reality of an actual dead or living body. (Scotto 3)
The theme of the breakdown of civilization toward savagery emphasizes the struggle between the ruling elements of society which include law, morality, culture and the chaotic elements of humanity's savage instincts which include anarchy, bloodlust, amorality, selfishness and a desire for power. The book implies that civilization is a veneer, which can be easily pierced to reveal the brutality of human nature. Golding's main representation of the conflict between civilization and savagery is through the characters in the novel. Ralph, the protagonist and Piggy are both symbols for morality and leadership, whilst the antagonist, Jack and his right hand man Roger are symbols for the desire for power, selfishness and amorality. Jack cannot at first bring himself to kill a... ... middle of paper ... ...savage instincts lurking within all human beings, even at the height of civilization.
Some of his hate is fueled by jealousy and revenge. The ironic part is that he is known as "honest Iago". Every act contains an evil plot set up by Iago. They all play into his grand scheme. In the very beginning of Act I Iago displays his hatred for Othello.
According to SparkNotes, “Rousseau believed modern man’s enslavement to his own needs was responsible for all sorts of societal ills, from exploitation and domination of others to poor self-esteem and depression” (“The Necessity of Freedom”). The philosopher’s intuitive thoughts can be summarized in his quote, “Civilization is a hopeless race to discover remedies for the evils it produces” (“Jean-Jacques Rousseau Quotes.”) In contrast to Rosseau’s profound beliefs, William Golding suggests that people are brought into the world with darkness lurking deep inside their souls. Humans are wicked by nature, and the powerful regulations of civilization create the strong foundations necessary to contain the gruesome monsters living inside each and every human being. As... ... middle of paper ... ...tays calm and collected while trying to embrace the ideas of civility. Additionally, Simon does not seem to be motivated by violence and killing pigs.
Both authors view human nature and behavior as negative and pessimistic. The novels are used to demonstrate that humans are closer to savagery and the inner evil is in everyone. Presented in Golding and Orwell’s novel characters, Jack and Napoleon represent corrupt leaders that are undergoing a power struggle.
One example of this is when he thinks everyone is out for him specifically. Although he is in a war that is enemy against enemy, both sides trying to exterminate every opponent possible, Yossarian thinks, “they’re trying to kill [him]” and wonders, “why…they are…shooting at [him]” (Heller 24). Yossarian seems paranoid in his thinking that no matter who he’s fighting for, or against, everyone is out to get him. This mad way of thinking can actually be rationalized as a sort of subconscious defense mechanism. This paranoia actually allows Yossarian to stay mindful of his surrounding affairs, helping him stay safe and alive.
The monster is actually the one who is majorly betrayed, he may look like a hideous dangerous monster on the outside but, not one within himself. From the beginning of the novel, Victor betrays the monster, and this betrayal is seen on many levels throughout the novel. The tragic figure in Mary Shelley’s
Yossarian and his comrades are trying to survive in a living Hell of injustice and corruption. Many of them are brainwashed by the power of the military to value patriotism and winning the war more than their own life. For example, “Havermeyer was a lead bombardier who never missed. Yossarian was a bombardier who had been demoted because he no longer gave a damn whether he missed or not…and his only mission each time he went up was to come down alive”(Heller, 30). Yossarian and most of the other men still treasured their safety; “McWatt was the craziest combat man of them all probably, because he was perfectly sane and still did not mind the war” (Heller, 61).