Capital Punishment Infringes Upon Human Rights and Should Not be Reinstated in Canada

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In today’s society, capital punishment is a particularly controversial issue. The death penalty known for its barbaric form of punishment began in 1892 lasting for 69 years before bill C-84 was passed by the House of Commons resulting in the removal of the death penalty. Although capital punishment has been abolished for 48 years, society still has mixed opinions on whether our country would benefit by reinstating capital punishment or if it would be better to respect individual rights and keep them locked away from society to prevent harm.

Despite the promotion of human rights there are still many individuals who are willing to abolish that right to perform the sinful act of killing. Throughout history, emotions within humans have caused countless murders, rapes, abuse and other acts in which the general thought by society is to take revenge upon those individuals. In spite of this, why should the death penalty not be reinstated? Capital punishment should not be reinstated in Canada because it does not act as a deterrent to violent crime; the economy suffers financially and primarily due to the fact that it violates human rights and is morally wrong to punish the crime of murder by simple retribution.

Firstly, violent crimes continue to rise in American States that uses capital punishment, which serves Canada as a reminder that it does not act as a deterrent. Most people committing murder do not think or care about the possible consequences they will receive for their actions and some would go to the extent of rather wanting death than life imprisonment. Many criminals who are substance abusers act impulsively and commit murders in moments of passion or anger with their emotions getting the best of them. A recent study regard...

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...nt survey which indicated that 2/3 of all capital trials had serious errors. Many innocent people on death row are released by the public’s interference and not by the justice system. Journalism students in Illinois saved a man from being exececuted as they found evidence that he was innocent when the justice system found him to be guilty. George Ryan, the Governor of Illinois stated, “I cannot support a system which, in its administration, has proven so fraught with error and has come so close to the ultimate nightmare, the state's taking of innocent life… Until I can be sure with moral certainty that no innocent man or woman is facing a lethal injection, no one will meet that fate." Therefore, Canada should not reinstate capital punishment especially in regards to infringing upon human rights with uncertainty of whether the accused people are innocent or guilty.

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