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Buddhism And Buddhism: Principles And Practices Of Buddhism

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Buddhism has become one of the most popular religions in the world. Millions of people in many countries are inspired by the teachings of the Buddha. The teachings are the answers, guidance and hope to living a good life as traditionally it is believed that ‘life is complex and there is suffering’. Therefore, the Buddhist ethical teaching contains principles and practices to help one to improve their behaviours to remove suffering in life. ‘Ethics is a system of moral principles’, it involves individuals and societies making moral decisions. Buddhist derive their ethical codes from the narrative, doctrine and experiential of the Buddha and followers. It is believed that Buddhist ethics emphasize the framework of virtues, deontology and consequentialism.…show more content…
Some Buddhists (absolutists) argue that certain teachings can and should be applied to every situation as they are universally true. However, some Buddhist (utilitarians) believe that consideration of the circumstances and happiness should be taken into account when decisions are made. For example, the absolutist Buddhist believe sentient life forms are all creatures that respond to the environment, an act of killing will bring bad karma. Any killing of a sentient life is to be avoided to reduce the bad karmic force. Therefore most of the Buddhist monks adopt a vegetarian diet, renounce all form of violence and live in harmony with nature. On the other hand, utilitarian Buddhist killing a sentient life form can considered as an exception depending on the situation.(King,…show more content…
It is expected that The Five Precepts (pancasilam) known as the core doctrine teaching of Buddhism, which is similar to the Ten Commandments of Christianity and the core teaching of Judaism. These can be classify as deontology as they are a set of rules that all aim for the right actions. The first precept emphasise ‘to abstain from killing sentient life forms’ this is also stated in the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:1-14) “you shall not murder”.(King, 2010) This implies acting non-violently and the most important is to act in loving and compassionate manners toward others. This teaching highlights the value of one not causing harm to the society and “you shall love your neighbor as yourself”. The second precept not only rejects the idea of stealing but also to inform people ‘never to take what is not given”. (King, 2010). Ideally, this also means be generous and do not take advantages or manipulate others. This will help the community by looking after one another and care for each other. This is also known as common good due to the decision made will take into consideration and benefit the community. The goal of Buddhist teaching is to refrain one’s mind from destructive actions as these harms are affected by the society and create mental disturbances that generates suffering.The Five Precepts doctrine not only align with other religion, but also
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