“It should come as no surprise that Washington’s historical conflict culminated as a struggle between him and DuBois” (Gibson III 66). To say the least, both men were very active in the upbringing of African-Americans, but their differences in displaying out the solution was what brought them apart. Washington wanted the education system to enforce industrial teachings that started at lower economic power, while DuBois had more abstract ideas of equality and voting for African-Americans. Washington was conservative in the matter of African-American inclusion into society, hoping that given enough time and progress, people would learn to accept them, rather than fight for social power like what DuBois stood for. Despite Washington’s program that appealed to White-Americans, he was involved in politics and spoke about the disfranchisement of African-Americans.
After graduating Harvard with a doctorate he became a cofounder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People or NAACP in 1909. After experiencing racism he argued that the black community could become equal to the white community by educating themselves to the point they were acknowledged. Booker T. Washington on the other hand had other ideas for blacks. Both were great segregation leaders that brought great change to the country. Booker T. Washington wanted opportunities for the blacks, but he did not want equality.
Washington warned blacks that in order to earn the respect and equality from the white population, we must be prepared to start at the bottom. He meant starting at the bottom in jobs such as elementary teachers instead of college professors and manual laborers instead of CEO’s so we could earn the respect of whites. Washington knew that making strong demands wouldn’t get the black race anywhere, so “casting down our buckets” and becoming friends and earning the respect of whites seemed like a better option to him because it seemed to have better results. On the other hand, Booker T. Washington recognized existing equally with whites wouldn’t be a simple task. This is why ... ... middle of paper ... ... same thing for blacks, first-class citizenship, but their methods for obtaining it differed.
Du Bois way of helping African Americans, but Booker T. Washington’s way was the Tuskegee Institute. The Tuskegee helped to educate the black people with skills so that in the future the whites would accept them seeing that they work hard. Although many may think this was a great way to get civil rights, Du Bois did not. Du Bois founded the NAACP and used it for the power to have a say. “Through the publication Du Bois reached an increasingly large audience- one hundred thousand by 1919- with powerful messages that argued the need for black development and white social enlightenment” (Du Bois 884).
Du Bois wanted the most intelligent African Americans to lead their people forward in pursuit of civil rights, acceptance, and social and political equality. This approach to gaining equality would not work during that time. Actions like Du Bois insisted upon would have caused uprisings and potential violence. However, Washington’s ideas appealed to both African Americans and white people. Washington told the African American population to set aside their desire for political and social acceptance and build up their economic security.
However, two influential and contrasting individuals, Booker T. Washington and WEB DuBois decided to address the matter of equality amongst black and white Americans. Booker T. Washington 's key strategy can be summarized in one word, practicality, here and now. His strategies were based upon the realities of the color line. White Americans still associated with the idea of slavery will fight to keep African Americans down, as second class citizens, because of one attribute that whites hold over blacks, power. He believed that in order to become equals, the black community needed to climb to the level of whites.
Although Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois had similar goals to achieve racial equality in the United States, they had strongly opposing approaches in improving the lives of the black population. Washington was a conservative activist who felt that the subordination to white leaders was crucial for African Americans in becoming successful and gaining political power. On the other hand, Du Bois took a radical approach and voiced his opinion through public literature and protest, making it clear that racial discrimination and segregation were intolerable. The opposing ideas of these African American leaders are illustrated in Du Bois’ short story, “Of the Coming of John”, where Du Bois implies his opposition to Washington’s ideas.
While DuBois respected Booker T. Washington and his accomplishments, he felt that blacks needed political power to protect what they had and what they earned. DuBois called for a new plan of action. He felt that the greatest enemy of blacks was not necessarily whites but it was the ignorance of the whites concerning the capabilities of the black race. DuBois 's answer was to encourage the development of black youth in
By appealing and following through with his beliefs he received beneficial help from whites to support his development of the Tuskegee Institute and recognition that Africans deserved civil rights. Du Bois’ The Crisis, “Niagara Movement of Declaration of Principles,” and The Souls of Black Folk were known by many, but not in the way he hoped. Many turned against his views since they were too radical and demanding resulting in Du Bois’ attacks towards Washington since he lost faith in his own works. For these reasons, Washington’s tactics to obtain civil rights for African Americans was extremely suitable for the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
By the government establishing separate facilities for blacks and whites, it showed its own discrimination towards African Americans. Even though facilities were supposed to be equal, the mere fact that they were separate and not integrated supported the idea that the two groups were not equal. After the Civil war, it could not be expected for blacks to immediately integrate with whites; however, different measures should have been taken by the government to ensure the proper and equal treatment of everyone.