In so doing, he employed the elements of classicism at the heart of the Renaissance, therefore portraying the change in religious philosophy at the time. Today, many of his works continue to impact the way we see God and the Catholic faith. Works Cited Green, Jen. Famous Artists: Michelangelo. Hauppauge: Barron's Educational Series, Inc., 1993.
However, unlike Baroque art, Classicism of Poussin focused on idealized classical images that talked about magnificent heroic stories from history in the West such as Discovery of Achilles on Skyros. Poussin paintings verified a mix of influences from traditional antique and trait to the Renaissance. These paintings created various influences among various individuals, but the influences brought pleasant homogenous composition in the
A distinguishing characteristic that formed in the renaissance was the emergence of individualism (Osmond). The artist of the renaissance were determined to go where there private thoughts and emotions led them, even if it went against the previous beliefs (Obsfeld 147). Artwork was no longer just a depiction of a holy topic; it encompassed a wide variety of topics (Renaissance art). The most important change in technique was the use of perspective. Renaissance painters began to use more realistic images in there painting that those used in the Middle Ages (Renaissance art).
Rather only faith could free the soul. This belief was in direct opposition to the Catholic doctrine of doing good works to help earn salvation. Luther saw this as hypocrisy. It was putting something only God would do in the hands of man. Therefore, faith was the basis of truly freeing the Christian soul.
Philosophy, in turn, related back not exclusively to rational thought, but also to religion. One particular ancient philosophy that was revived in the Renaissance was Plantonics. It was actually so prominent in Renaissance thought that the revived version was given a new name: Neoplatonics. Initially, many early doctors of the Church came in contact with Neoplatonism. From this exposure, elements of Christian philosophy became “inextricably mixed with Plato’s teachings.” Thus, the Greco Roman roots of Plato, which had been instigated by the movement countering the polytheistic religion of mythology, and the Greco Roman formation of Christianity both served as the main contributors to the Neoplationism of the Italian Renaissance.
The change between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance is best shown through the art and architecture, demonstrated specifically through an emphasis on religion and classical antiquity, both suggesting a clear cultural change. The culture of both of these eras was greatly shaped by the studies of humanism and theology. The transformation of cultural studies from theology to philology greatly impacted art and is shown through many paintings from the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. During the Renaissance, there was a big focus change from religious figures to the human life (Class Notes). This is shown through many paintings, like the Crucifixion of St Peter by Michelangelo.
While most artists were focusing on religious mysticism and spirituality, Caravaggio embodied the humanistic and naturalism of the world in his religious scene drawings. The Counter-Reformation sought to express simpler, more direct religious message through the arts. Caravaggio's art was certainly Counter-Reformation; natural and direct, but to an extreme that made the Church uncomfortable. His work depicted sacred religious personages in a real common setting drawn as real common people. In addition to his extreme naturalism, Caravaggio intense contrasts of light and dark, tenebristic chiaroscuro, made his work dramatic theatrical painting in which set the tone in the Baroque style.
The 17th century was the era of the baroque style, characterized by energy, drama, and movement. The church in Rome needed art that spoke to its resurgent power even as the conflict between the protestant and Catholics continued. Baroque was basically a counter movement to the rising Protestantism. A visual language was needed to reemphasize and reestablish the catholic belief amongst people. Baroque art was an attempt to gain control over peoples thinking, to basically make them think and feel more deeply, which could have happened only though art.
He taught in Paris and Italy during the years 1225 to 1274. Both of these new age thinkers changed the way Catholic followers viewed the "natural world." Peter Abelard was one of the new thinkers that applied scholasticism to his theological aspects. According to the excerpt "Scholastic thinkers assumed that some teachings of Christianity, which thy accepted as true by faith, could also be demonstrated to be true by reason" (238). Peter Abelard's famous literary work was Sic et Non (Yes or No).
The word “Baroque”, or “Barocco” was first used as a stylistic term to describe a period that flourished at 16th century and 17th century from Italy, originate after the movement of Gothic and Renaissance era. To describe the Baroque style, it is a collection of arts, developed under the Authority of the Catholic Church. Baroque architecture focus on realism and dramatic illusory as demanded by the Catholic Church to serve religious objective. In regard to the timeline movement, the renaissance emphasis balance and Harmony, while Baroque turns to explore on sophistication and drama. It is the combination of painting, sculptures and architecture.