INTRODUCTION Munyaradzi (2012) critically explores the in-depth weaknesses of beneficence and certain points where it becomes a principle under scrutiny. He begins by blaming ethicists for not exploring the depth of the principle of beneficence in several fields especially in biomedicine. Further, it provides the layman with an introduction to the principle and to how it is used by various health practitioners throughout the world, along with discussing the history of the idea. He then sheds light numerous cases where it becomes highly problematic for physicians to decide upon the issue. The author puts special emphasis on practicality in his writing with the help of certain case studies.
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It’s very difficult to blame someone when mistakes occur in an environment in which we hope learning and improvement will take place. But eventually someone has to take blame for the mistake. Errors can occur anywhere but when it comes to the healthcare field there are more possibilities.It would include acute care, ambulatory care, outpatient clinics, pharmacies, and patient homes. Many people assume that medical errors involve only wrong medications administered or the wrong surgery performed (Dovey, Kuzel, Phillips, and Woolf, 2004). However, there are many other types of errors such as wrong diagnosis, equipment failure; sometimes patients are given the wrong blood (Dovey, Kuzel, Phillips, and Woolf, 2004).
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It is also a systematic inquiry to define, analyse, forecast and manage the observed phenomenon. Research contains inductive and reasonable methods Babbie (1998). Inductive methods analyze the observed phenomenon and identify the overall principles, format, or processes underlying the phenomenon observed; deductive methods verify the hypothesized principles through observations. The purposes are different: one is to expand explanations, and the other is to experiment the validity of the explanations. Marketing research can be in terms of primary and secondary research .So, primary research is also known as fields research that is it is the collection of new fresh information and data and it can be carried out through the help of questionnaires, interviews, surveys with individuals or groups of people.