Artificial Language Case Study

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CHAPTER TWO Artificial language 1. Conlangs Apart from natural languages, which naturally evolved over time, there are also constructed languages or conlangs. These are languages intentionally built by a person or group. ‘Artificial language noun, an invented language, esp one intended as an international medium of communication or for use with computers’. " (artificial language Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition. HarperCollins Publishers. 06 Jan. 2015. .) They are also sometimes called constructed languages or invented languages. Simply, it is any language whose grammar and lexicon were developed by an individual creator or a group of creators. For centuries, many people have invented languages to ease communication among people from different countries and cultures. 2. Division 2.1 Priori, Posteriori and Mixed Two types of constructed languages: The first one, according to Pio Bianco “has no connection with any living tongue but is built up by an arbitrary system." (Mario Pei, 1968, 3) ‘A priori languages’ are not based on any language family or extant language and designed…show more content…
The oldest recorded conlang is Hildegard von Bingen’s Lingua Ignota, a language of 900 words created in the 12th century. The other example is “The Voynich Manuscript”- an illustrated hand-written book, which is written in an unknown language. It is dated to the early 15th century and named after Wilfrid Voynich, a Polish antiquarian and bibliophile. Another person who tried to create widely-used language was John Wilkins, clergyman and natural philosopher. An author of “An Essay towards a Real Character and a Philosophical Language” attempted to create a language which was based upon “an innovative classification of knowledge, by which scholars and philosophers as well as diplomats, could communicate.” His intentions were not to replace existing languages but to make a supplement to natural
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