Architecture And Typology

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Type refers to an object that belongs to class with similar characteristics. In architecture type refers to the objects with same formal structure or use. Typology in turn signifies the study of types
And analysis their characteristics. In order to understand the work of architecture, we need to understand the concept of type. The work of architecture can either be characterized by a condition of individuality or it can also be referred as a class of repeated objects. The concept of type is based on grouping objects by certain essential structural similarities. For example, when we mention about sky scrapers, we are actually referring to something huge. Architecture is not only defined by types but it is also created through them. The concept of types is also taken as a process of transformation, where the type is thought as the frame work within which change occurs. In this process of change, the architect can extrapolate from the type, change its use or different types can be overlapped to form a new type. Architect characterises architecture as a discipline, when an architect is able to describe new set of formal relations through new type. According to Vidler, architecture possesses the capability to generate a complete image or structure comprising subject-object relations within city, and which then propose an experience of a real and historical life inside what is yet an irreducibly structural design modality, or the critical function of typology. Therefore, to understand the subject matter of type is to understand the character of architectural object. This is because architectural objects are no longer thought out as single and isolated events, as it is restricted by the world which surrounds, including its hist...

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...h which to explore the idea. Le Corbusier used architectural rules for the new architecture, prescribed in his “five points”, each of which takes its departure from an existing practice and proceeds to reverse it.

The modern movement lacks the symbolic content and proposes two opposite views of the city. Modernist like Leon and Krier who followed the neoclassical traditions returned to the concept of type of Durand. As the result of the failure of city of modern architecture, an alternative to typology and the historical city was offered by the neo-rationalist. The return to the historical city as the urban model par excellence allowed various proponents to revalidate it as a permanent yet functionally transparent architecture. Type is seen as a tool that allowed architects of each generation and theoreticians to keep the role of architecture up to date.

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