Animal Farm begins as a vision of Utopia, perfect society but ends as
a nightmare who is to blame for the betrayal of revolution?
Animalism was, in its truest sense, a dream conjured by Old Major. He
could never achieve his vision of Utopia. Throughout the satire, the
pigs visibly taint Old Major's concept of equality. It is obvious to
the readers from the very beginning, that the pigs would become
At the start of the satire, all the animals gather in the barn to
listen to Old Major's dream, "everyone was quite ready to lose an
hour's sleep in order to hear what he had to say". Old Major was a
boar, and was "highly regarded" on the farm. This is the first
character introduced; he is a pig and held a superior position amongst
other animals. It seems as if pigs already held a high status in the
farm. Another act that conveyed the pigs' superiority was their
seating position, "the pigs settled downâ€¦ immediately in front of the
platform", apparently more important than the other animals. "The work
of teaching and organizing the others fell naturally upon the pigs,
who were generally recognised as being the cleverest of the animals".
The pigs held responsibility for the management of the farm, this will
inevitably led to the animals' full dependency on the pigs.
Two pigs were "pre-eminent"; Napoleon and Snowball. Although it is
necessary for the intelligent animals to teach the less intellectual
creatures, a main leader contradicts the concept of equality. Napoleon
has "a reputation for getting his own way"; he is an ominous character
who possesses an authoritarian quality, which once again, contradicts
equality and communism. His negative descriptions hint at corruption.
Snowball was animated...
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...ed Napoleon and was sold to the "knackers".
Animals were meant to retire but they worked past their set limits.
The pigs traded material with neighbouring farmers and befriended
"Man", who was once their sworn enemy. The commandment, "all animals
are equal" was the most fundamental rule, and the first to be broken.
It was the foundation of Animalism, and once that rule was destroyed,
corruption was exposed and Animalism ceased to exist. Communism is
difficult to achieve, and has not been entirely successful. Napoleon
played a essential part in the failure of Animalism for he was the
most corrupted character in the satire and showed the others the
luxuries that could be gained effortlessly. I believe the pigs were to
blame for the revolution for they took advantage of the less
intellectual subjects, and ultimately, destroyed Old Major's dream of