May 1999. http://www.civilization.ca/membrs/civiliz/maya/mmc01eng.html “Herodotus Reports on Mummification.” May 1999. http://pluto.clinch.edu/history/wciv1/civ1ref/mummy.html “Life in Ancient Egypt. Shabtis.” Ed. Craig Patch. Exc. from Reflections of Greatness: Ancient Egypt at the Carnegie Museum of Natural History.
The Egyptians were the ones that made the technology that pulled the huge stones up to the right places. They made all of the graphs and all of the charts; it is truly amazing. The two main building materials used in ancient Egypt were unbaked mud-brick and stone. Stone was generally used for tombs—the eternal dwellings of the dead—and for temples—the eternal houses of the gods. Egyptian architecture is characterized by it’s huge scale, heavy walls and supports.
The Ancient Egyptian civilization spanned several thousand years and is one of the few societies of the time that came into being independently. “Egyptian civilization coalesced around 3150 B.C. with the unification of upper and lower Egypt under the first Pharaoh” (Dodson 46). Because of the Nile river, Egypt was able to grow and thrive. “The fertile floodplain of the Nile gave humans the opportunity to develop a settled agricultural economy and a more sophisticated, centralized society that became a cornerstone in the history of human civilization” (Shaw 17).
August 1995. “Egyptian Cosmogony and Theogony.” http://alexm.here.ru:8081/mirrors/www.enteract.com/jwalz/Eliade/054.html. taken from: Piankoff, Alexandre. The Shrines of Tut-ankh-amon. New York: 1955. page 24.
17, p. 307-316. Website: JSTOR,Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/124697 .Accessed: April17,2014 Savage Stephen H. 2001 Some Recent Trends in the Archaeology of Predynastic Egypt. Journal of Archaeological Research, Vol. 9. p. 101-155. Website: JSTOR, Stable URL:http://www.jstor.org/stable/41053174 .Accessed: April 17,2014 Whitcomb Donald and Johnson Janet 1981 Egypt and the Spice Trade.
Pinch, G. (2002) Egyptian Mythology A Guide to the Gods, Goddesses, and Traditions of Ancient Egypt. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Robins, G. (2008) The Art of Ancient Egypt. London: The British Museum Press. Stevens, A.
Petrie,F, (1931) Seventy Years in Archaeology, London: Marston & co. Petrie,F. (1939) The Making of Egypt, London: The Sheldon Press. Uphill,E.P. (1972) 'A Bibliography of Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie (1853–1942)', Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 31(4), pp. 356-357.
The Egyptian Pyramids When most people think of Ancient Egypt they think of Pyramids. To construct such great monuments required a mastery of architecture, social organization, and art that few cultures of that period could achieve. The oldest pyramid, the Step-Pyramids, grow out of the abilities of two men, King Djoser and Imhotep. Djoser, the second king of 3rd dynasty, was the first king to have hired an architect, Imhotep, to design a tomb (Time-Life Books, 74). Imhotep was known as the father of mathematics, medicine, architecture, and as the inventor of the calendar (White, 40).
Several stacked mastabas were incorporated together and tapered to form the pyramid shape. It is believed that this process took place over a 20 year time span. To begin, once the construction site was cleared and prepared, the blocks were transported into place. These blocks however, were made of stone and weigh around 2 tons each. Without the equipment and technology that we have today, one may ponder on how these massive building blocks were transported and set into place.
The "Egyptians were employed and archeologists estimate the workers would have had to set a 2.5-15 ton block every 2 ½ minutes to finish Khufu's pyramid in about 30 years(Sen). "The Egyptians had a very fascinating lifestyle.