An Outline for a Speech on The Life of Nelson Mandela

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Attention Getter- Helped bring an end to apartheid and has been a global advocate for human rights. He was a leader of both peaceful protest and armed resistance against white minorities oppressive regime in a racially divided South Africa. His actions landed him in prison for nearly three decades and made him the face of the antiapartheid movement both within his country and internationally.

B. Relevance- Once he was released in 1990 he participated in the eradication of apartheid and in 1994 became the first black president of South Africa, under which he formed a multiethnic government to oversee the country’s transition. He also remained devoted champion for peace and social justice in his own nation and around the world until he died in 2013.

C. Credibility Statement- Credibility stems from the extensive research, and resources found regarding this topic.

D. Central Idea- Mandela was a revolutionary character throughout history.

E. Initial preview- Mandela went to the best schools in South Africa, which eventually led him into joining the African national congress and the resistance movement, and through those experiences guided him to be the president of South Africa.

Transition to 1st main point: First, let’s talk about the childhood and education of Mandela

II. BODY

A. Nelson Mandela was born 1918 into a Royal family in a South African village, after the death of his father he was groomed into the role within the tribal leadership. He was the first in his family to receive formal education, he excelled in boxing, track and as well as academics. He attended the elite University of fort Hare, the only western style higher learning institute in South Africa at the time.

B. This is relevant because It shows the brief journey he through before joining the African national congress.

C. Source – According to “Long walk to Freedom” The following year, he was sent home alongside other students for participating in boycott against university policies. After finding out his family had an arranged marriage for him, he fled to Johannesburg and worked as a watchman then later a law clerk.

Transition to 2nd point: Now that we’ve talked about his childhood/education, now we’re going to talk about the African national congress/resistance movement.

A. Nelson Mandela’s commitment to politics and the ANC grew stronger after the 1948 election victory of the Afrikaner dominated National Party, which formed a formal system of racial classification and segregation “apartheid” which restricted non whites basic rights and barred them from government.

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