In many cases, racial majorities who work harder, and are more qualified for higher education, are denied acceptance strictly because they are white. In 1964, affirmative action was created to ensure that “minorities, specifically blacks, were to be included in the work force and on the university campus,” (Connolly, 2005). Today, as extreme racism is less relevant in society, affirmative action forces universities and companies to view race as a determining factor in the futures of aspiring students. Studies show that many colleges discriminate against high-achieving Whites and Asians to lower their admission numbers (Taylor, 2013). This illustrates how affirmative action fits the definition of discrimination.
Opponents viewed preferences as reverse discrimination continuing racist habits under a disguise. Affirmative Action’s attempt to end racial imbalances in higher education that has burdened minorities creates an immoral and unfair solution: student being admitted to universities for which he or she is barely qualified. Research finds that students tend to be overwhelmed and move to easier majors after enrolling. “Some 40% of black students entering college, for example, say they expect to major in science or engineering. But when they get to schools where most of the other students are better prepared – with much higher SAT scores and more rigorous high school course work – the chance of failure is high” (Sanders 2).
Like myself, many other African Americans believe this policy is one the most effective strategies for helping underrepresented minority groups gain access to education and employment. However, critics of affirmative action believe this kind of reform does an injustice to the idea of merit. Though no one can deny minorities and women have made significant steps towards autonomy and equality in America, there are still wide educational and economic disparities between minority groups and white males. While the issues and controversies surrounding race can not be resolved easily, the question remains: Do we still need affirmative action in America? I say yes, affirmative action was and is needed to help prevent unfairness caused by discrimination in America.
The hiring of unskilled workers is also detrim... ... middle of paper ... ...devise an alternative to replace affirmative action, because as long as affirmative action is in effect there will always be racial tension. Such an alternative would be "the strengthening of the ‘intermediate' institutions, such as community associations, schools, media, and independent social agencies, which provide the organizational foundation for collective development and effective public representation (Sterlitz)." In essence, if the same amount of capital was extended to minority institutions, the minority society would eventually become more developed and give the much needed guidance to individuals, therefore enabling them to play a major part in society. Affirmative action was first introduced by President John F. Kennedy and President Lyndon B. Johnson. In the time since Kennedy and Johnson, affirmative action has been severely distorted.
Higher education to determine whether they use of racial preferences in college and school admissions to justify affirmative action. Affirmative has always been its impact on minorities. They wanted to analyze legal education as a complete system for the same as admissions policies of law school. For students can get a Higher education and equal opportunities as other student but affirmative action had programs that really didn't help the students get on to the right path to get passed this. Affirmative action was based on the racial preferences for colleges but it seemed like whites were more superior than other races and always got the more up to date education than others of felt like other minorities did not fit the description to be apart of the colleges so the when to the admissions and had admissions determining if the student should or should not be accepted.
Affirmative Action Affirmative action's role in colleges and universities has been a strongly debated topic. The heated subject has again come to the forefront due to the recent bans imposed on affirmative action by California and Washington. In 1978, the Supreme Court ruled (University of California Regents v. Bakke) that universities are allowed to consider race as a factor when choosing which students to accept. Affirmative action was intended to level the racial playing field and give minorities chances in the workplace and the classroom that they would not have received in the absence of affirmative action. However, while minorities have had more opportunities, Caucasians have suffered.
Governmental policies regarding minorities in society engagements and jobs are intended to guarantee that qualified people have equivalent access to open doors and are given a reasonable opportunity to prove their abilities and capabilities to pop culture. The stress on the Affirmative Action approaches is good fortune. This project is intended to break down limitations, both unmistakable and unnoticeable to make sure that all qualified competitors for employments and school affirmations are given reasonable and equivalent thought. However, they are not meant to guarantee equal results but instead proceed on the notion that if equality of opportunity were a reality, African Americans, Women, people with disabilities and other groups facing discrimination would be fairly represented in the nation’s work force and educational institutions. Governmental policies regarding minorities in society projects have been powerful in numerous territories of open life on the grounds that they opened up open doors for individuals who might not generally have them, including white ladies and men.
The white student receives a rejection letter even though she had higher test scores and a better GPA than the black student. Was this fair to the students? Was it the best outcome for the country in the long run? Many minority students are accepted into colleges and law schools due to their race while at the same time white students are rejected because colleges have to make room for these minorities. The question many colleges are facing now is whether race should be considered in college admissions.
Literature Review: The reason affirmative action is necessary in some parts of in American society is because of the historical significance of racism that embodies American history. As a result, minorities as well as women in the employment industry, and educational system have suffered for not meeting such “requirements”. Often times institutional racism is subtle, unconscious, and rationalize on the basis of nonracial criteria, and does not take the form of overt discrimination like individual racism (McClain, 8 & Crosby, 95). Thus, universities and places of employment may be operating in a manner that is unfair to minorities and women, and may not necessarily be aware of it. In a random sample study of 244 managers, it was found that they characterized female managers more negatively than they did the males, and they assumed that women are unsuited to the rough and tumble world of high-status jobs (Crosby, 101).
We all have heard regarding the controversial arguments and debates regarding whether affirmative action is valid under U.S. Constitution. Before discussing whether to support or refute affirmative action, there is a need for all of us to know what affirmative action really is. By definition, affirmative action policies are those institutions and organizations vigorously engages in an effort work of improving the lives of minorities in the United States (NCSL). This means that institutions attempt to find ways to provide groups that have been historically excluded from American society equal accesses to public necessities such as education, salary pay, and so forth. To me, the application of the affirmative action in the society we live in clearly violates the Fourteenth Amendment, which forbids authorities to “deny...any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws” (The Library of Congress).