Adolescence Analysis

915 Words4 Pages
Adolescence, according to Hall (1916), is a period that begins at puberty for about 12 to 13 years, and it ends late at 22 years to 25 years of age. He also describes this period as a period of "sturm und drung" which means "storm and stress". The period of sturm und drung in German literature includes the masterpiece of schiller and the writings of Goethe. This literary movement is full of idealism, expression of personal feelings, enthusiasm and distress. From Hall's analogy and expansion of Darwin's concept of biological "evolution" it turns into a psychological theory of recapitulation. It affirms that adolescence is a period when human race was in a turbulent transitional stage. He added to this theory that the experiential history of…show more content…
According to him and psychoanalytic theory, there are stages of psychosexual development that are genetically decisive and are relatively independent of environmental factors. Moreover, Adolescence was a universal phenomenon that includes changes from behavior, social life and emotions. Freud, S. added that the physiological changes and emotional changes are somewhat related or interconnected to each other because through physiological changes it may increase the negative emotions that adolescents might…show more content…
(1948) in the theory of Adolescent Defense Mechanism ascribes proficient importance to puberty as a critical factor in the formation of one’s character. She emphasizes the relationship between id (a part of person's unconscious mind that relates to basic needs and desires), ego (a part of the mind that senses and adapts to the real world) and lastly, superego (a part where person's mind relates to attitudes about what is right and wrong and also feelings of guilt). She believes that the functioning of sexual glands starts the process of physiological process of sexual maturation. She added the factors that involved in adolesent conflict includes the id impulse which is determined by physiological and endocrinological processes during adolescence, the ego's ability to cope with or to yield to the instinctual forces, and in turn depends in the character training and superego development of the child during the latency period, and lastly, the effectiveness and nature of the defense mechanism at the disposal of the ego. Rank, O. (1964) see human not as expressive and neurotic, yet creative and productive on the Adolescent Need for Independence. Rank accentuate that the past is important only to the point that it acts in the present to influence behavior. He believed that Anna Freud ignore the role of ego and gave value to it only as a repressive force. Rank sees no necessities for external sexual restrictions and inhibitions, since struggle individual's will for independence
Open Document