Acts of Terrorism and Social Change in the United States

analytical Essay
3109 words
3109 words

On 10 September, 2001 the citizens of the United States went about their day-to-day activities without any thoughts of a terrorist attack occurring. Americans who were lulled into this mindset by the false pretenses of security and the history that America has never had a multifaceted terroristic attack occur on her soil. However, on the morning of September 11, 2001 this attitude would be ceaselessly changed and change the life of all Americans. The United States has become known as the melting pot of culture due to the diversity of citizens; consequently, this has also led terroristic events committed by individuals and factions to share their ideologies and attempt to bring about social change. This social change may influence an infinitesimal amount of people or it may have a global impact affecting the world in some way, shape, or form. Domestic and international terrorism are two factors which have shaped and continue to shape life in the United States. Domestic events tend to have a more direct impact on American policy and the livelihood of her citizens; whereas, international terrorism may impact in ways not directly understood by the American people. Discussion According to a study published in 2011 by the Heritage Foundation, between the years of 2001-2009 there were 471 terrorist attacks against the United States, of these only 91 of these are what is considered homegrown (Muhlhausen & McNeil, 2011). Some of the most memorable attacks against the United States that occurred domestically in recent years are the: 1995 Oklahoma City Bombing, 1996 Atlanta Olympic Bombing, 1999 Columbine Shooting, 2001 the events of September 11, 2012 Sandy Hook Shooting, 2012 Aurora Colorado Shooting, and the 2013 Boston City Ma... ... middle of paper ... ...rm Intelligence after 9/11. Public Administration Review, 700-706. Kurtulus, E. N. (2011). The “New Terrorism” and its Critics. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 476–500. Poulin, M. J., Silver, R. C., Gil-Rivas, V., Holman, E. A., & McIntosh, D. N. (2009). Finding Social Benefits After a Collective Trauma: Perceiving Societal Changes and Well-Being Following 9/11. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 81-90. Rothenburger, L. (2013). Terrorist Groups: Using Internet and Social Media for Disseminating Ideas. Romanian Journal of Communication and Public Relations, 7-23. Seirmarco, G., Neria, Y., Insel, B., Kiper, D., Doruk, A., Gross, R., & Litz, B. (2011). Religiosity and Mental Health: Changes in Religious Beliefs, Complicated Grief, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, and Major Depression Following the September 11, 2001 Attacks. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 10-18.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the united states has become known as the melting pot of culture due to the diversity of citizens. domestic events have a more direct impact on american policy and the livelihood of her citizens; international terrorism may impact in ways not directly understood by the american people.
  • Explains that terrorists hijacked four planes scheduled for international flights and used them as flying bombs. the department of homeland security created counter-terrorism task forces and developed training to deter future terroristic activities.
  • Explains that sandy hook elementary school is a gun-free zone in connecticut, but the shooting at columbine high school impacted the views on weapons in the united states and led to the passing of the investigative assistance for violent crimes act of 2012.
  • Describes how james holmes opened fire on movie goers in aurora, colorado, during the july 20, 2012 opening night of a the dark knight.
  • Describes how tamerlan and dzhokhar tsarnaev shared extreme religious ideologies at the finish line of the boston marathon.
  • Opines that the united states must remain poised in order to diminish the impact felt in the aftermath of terrorist acts.
  • Analyzes barack's we need a strategy that reflects this resilient spirit. vital speeches of the day, 202-208.
  • Explains that a study published in 2011 by the heritage foundation found 471 terrorist attacks against the united states, of which only 91 were homegrown.
  • Analyzes how the 1995 oklahoma city bombings brought about nominal change to the nation, and how eric rudolph's extreme religious ideologies led him to conduct multiple terroristic acts during the 1996 atlanta olympic games.
  • Explains how terrorists' actions are influenced by structural and cultural factors, such as technological advances and socioeconomic status, and the impetus of change.
  • Cites eisenberg, silver, and rothenburger as s of "growing up in the shadow of terrorism".
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