My own view is that the Western leaders were responsible for protecting democratic values that we enjoy today while the Soviet leadership’s ideology, aggressive and expansionist intrusions were mainly responsible for the development of the Cold War. World War II had ended in 1945 leaving the Soviet Union in control of large areas of Eastern Europe, and the Western Allies in control of the West. While the Allies restored democracy in the West, the Soviets started turning the Red Army occupied countries into Soviet satellites controlled my Moscow. Unfortunately, the consolidation and threat of the communist regime, and Stalin’s threatening expansion in Eastern Europe led to distrust and suspicion. Tensions were heightened by the ideological differences between the two sides of the “iron curtain”.
Geoff Murrell. Riga: Bota, 2002. 27-66.  De Jonge, Alex. Stalin and the Shaping of the Soviet Union.
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New York: Basic, 2010. Print. Fiehn, Terry, and Chris Corin. Communist Russia under Lenin and Stalin. London: John Murray, 2002.
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Available from: US Department of State. Soviet and Allied Statement on the Berlin Blockade. In: Tucker Spencer C, Roberts Priscilla, Pierpaoli Paul G, Dowling Timothy C, Hogg Gordon E. (eds.) (2008) Cold War: A Student Encyclopedia (Vol 1, pp 2398 - 2403).
Terras, Victor. A History of Russian Literature. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1991. Wilson, Edmund. A Window on Russia: For the Use of Foreign Readers.