This begs the question, had the US tried a more diplomatic approach to the Allende administration would the coup have been avoided? Nevertheless, Allende’s political views were fundamentally different from that of the U.S. which is why the CIA supported a military coup led by Augusto Pinochet. The coup itself was extremely violent and oppressive which led to the death of Salvador Allende and thousands of Chilean members of the socialist party and any citizens that openly opposed the new military dictatorship. It is also important to note that during this time period there was a growing disdain against the U.S within Latin America. This led to many countries to begin nationalizing its resources (most notably Chile).
The use of propaganda played a crucial role in containment by criticizing the other power and raised the morale and spirit of their nation. The economic support for nations helped them recover from the desperate situation after World War II, which prevented the nations from falling under communism. Also, the Arms Race and forming alliances between the two main powers were important weapons for competition and rivalry in Cold War. Both the superpowers have made use of the propaganda to fight the Cold War. Propaganda is information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause of point of view.
The Effect of the Cold War on Chile In the midst of a Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, countries in Latin America find themselves caught in the middle of a Marxist Revolutionary movement and the US counterrevolutionary reaction (Chasteen 285). In order to prevent Latin America from adopting Communist views they created the National Security Doctrine which justifies the attacks of enemies internally and externally, and provides military funding for such acts (Nelson-Pallmeyer 34-35). The National Security Doctrine provoked military action in many Latin American Countries, and had effects on Chile in particular. During the time of the Cold War, Chile democratically elected its first Marxist president which resulted in a violent coup, led by Augusto Pinochet, which aggressively tried to stop the rise of socialism in Chile (Guardiola-Rivera 330-331). Pinochet had viewed the ideas of socialism as dangerous since they were so foreign from the norm of a democracy.
The U.S. wanted to ensure that communism and leftist regimes did not spread, particularly in Latin America, where leftist regimes would especially threaten U.S. business interest. The U.S. for over a century had been imperializing Latin America under a series of façades and in the mid-20th century, McCarthyism became the new catch-all excuse to interfere with the affairs of a sovereign nation. Under the guise of containing the spread of communism, many Latin American governments that tried to deviate from the practice of serving U.S. interest were overthrown with the funding and instruction of the U.S. It was with the watchful and accusing eye of Uncle Sam looming over Latin America that in 1970, that Unidad Popular candidate, Salvador Allende, was democratically elected President of Chile. Even before Allende assumed the presidency, oppositional forces were conspiring to destroy him, everything he was to accomplish, and the pro-working class ideology that he represented.
The main source of conflict between USA and USSR was the future status of Europe. The USA wanted a democratic capitalist continent that it could influence. The USSR wanted to spread Communism and prevent the disasters of World War II recurring again. While Stalin was a brutal and ruthless dictator responsible for millions of deaths, feared and resented by many eastern Europeans, he actually did not intend to conquer the world. This was the basic misunderstanding which fueled the Cold War: the U.S. government, as well as many private citizens, believed that the Russians were engaged in a world-wide con... ... middle of paper ... ...e of 1954, West Germany was permitted to join NATO.
Step 4) Carlos Alberto Montaner makes several core points as to why social unrest and the rise of the left in Latin America will be the demise of Latin America. He starts his argument by naming leaders of the leftist movement in several Latin American countries. He then, goes on to say that in these leftists’ governments, parliaments are discredited, political prestige has lost its value, and the judicial branch and police are unjust and corrupt. His first core point is that Latin America did not follow in the footsteps of Eastern European countries and former USSR countries which, had become successful after the Berlin Wall fell. By this, he means that Latin America did not distance themselves from populist ways of thinking and old ways of thinking.
Introduction The Cold War was a war between the two superpowers, the United States of America and the Soviet Union between 1947 and 1990. The USA was capitalist whereas the USSR was communist. Each superpower favored and supported their ideology while attempting to spread it throughout the world in order to create a sphere of influence. These ideological differences therefore led to a war whereby the superpower either attempted to spread their ideology or contain the opposing ideology by a means of proxy wars, doctrines and policies. This essay will thoroughly argue that it is accurate to state that the Cold War was due to ideological differences.
The Cold War became a principal influence on many features of American society for much of the second half of the 20th century. It rose owing to antagonist values amid the United States, demonstrating democracy and capitalism, and the Soviet Union, signifying communism and totalitarianism. Being the two principal world powers after WWII, controversy amid the Americans and Soviets became a worldwide conflict. The Cold War varied from most wars because it was as a great deal of a propaganda war than a war with military involvements. The Korean and Vietnam conflicts are significant instances of military intrusion by the Americans for the sake of impeding communist expansionism.
Tocqueville’s writings influenced pro-American sympathies abroad due to his inflation of American uniqueness and liberalism. If it weren’t for the U.S. government bankrolling Tocqueville’s expedition to Civil-War Era United States, one can argue that the French writer may have painted America as a combative oppressive nation comprised of individ... ... middle of paper ... ...st tiers of government. Our reckless impulsive desires is the driving force of America’s spiral down the abyss of dissolution. However the personal yearnings that is causing our demise was influenced by the government to promote whatever political and social agenda they have in store. Nonetheless we cannot blame the bureaucratic officials for having these desires because we allow propaganda and we permit governmental promotion to infiltrate our minds and essentially lead our lives.
The Cold War was an ideological battle on how to industrialize aspects of modern society. With countries weakened due to World War II, America and the Soviet Union both rose as a strong, dominant power to the rest of the world. The United States feared that communism would spread through Eastern Europe, then to countries like Italy and France, which would then move to them (The Origins of the Cold War). As Kaufman states in her book “A Concise History of U.S. Foreign Policy”, an unintended consequence of World War II was establishing the context of the Cold War, as a result of the clashing power between the Soviet Union and United States (Kaufman 83). From this, there are many theories that political scientists have established to explain how